Research methods-Other Types of Research

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 02-03-15 21:01
What are the 5 other types of methods?
-Longitudinal studies, -Case studies, -Life histories, -Ethnographic, -Triangulation,
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Who favours these methods?
Interpretivists
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Who argues against these methods?
Positivists,
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What is a longitudinal study?
When the research studies the same group of people at intervals over a long period of t
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What is an example of a longitudinal study?
7UP- The sitdy began with 14 children who were to be looked at every 7 years about the social history of Britain through the eyes of the respondents from different social backgrounds,
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What is a theoretical advantage of longitudinal studies about detail?
The studies can provide for valid and in depth information and insight into people's lives,
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What is another theoretical advantage about comparisons?
By making comparisons between the group it allows you to identify cause and effect relationships
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What is a practical advantage of longitudinal studies about changes in behaviour?
By keeping the same group the researcher can be sure that any changes in attitudes and behaviour are not simply due to changes in the make up of the sample, increasing validity,
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What is the last practical advantage concerning the time?
Longitudinal studies can examine developments over time rather than just offering a snap shot of one moment in time,
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What is a theoretical disadvantage of longitudinal studies concerning representativeness?
Keeping the same sample of people over time is very difficult- "sample attrition" can lead to a less representative sample as people drop out of the original sample,
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What is another theoretical disadvanatge concerning changes in population?
Demographic changes in the general population may mean that the sample population is no longer representative of the current target population e.g.migration patterns alter the proportion of ethnic groups,
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What type of characterisics arise when carrying out a repeated sample and its effect?
Demand characterisitcs occur which lowers validity,
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What is the last theoretical disadvantage about the Hawthorne effect?
The Hawthorne effect may occur as people may change their behabiour because they are aware they are part of a long tem study which lowers validity of the findings
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What is a practical disadvantage about time and money?
Longitudinal studies cost alot of time and money
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What is the definition of case studies?
They are in depth studies of one 'unit' which can be a single individual or a single group of people such as family,
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What is an example of a case study?
Curtis study into Genie and the effects of privation on a child,
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What is a theoretical advantage of case studies concerning its depth?
The data produced is in depth, detailed insight into specific unique cases, increasing validity
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What is another theoretical advantage concerning empathy?
Verstehen is gained as it becomes possible to see through the eyes of the case study participant and gain true empathy about their situation, increasing validity,
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What is the last theoretical advantage about hypothesises?
It is useful for formulating a hypothesis which can be tested more scientifically using more participants and quantitative mathods,
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What is a practical advantage of case studies about usefulness?
Case studies are very useful when studying exceptional cases as few people go through certain experiences,
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what is the last practical advantage about sensitive areas?
They make it easier to study sensitive areas,
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What is a theoretical disadvantage of case studies about representativeness?
Case studies arent representative as they are too small scale to mirror wider soceity so it makes generalisations to a wider population impossible,
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What is a theoretical disadvantage about sample size?
It is a small sample size so lacks reliability,
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What is an ethical disadvantage of case studies?
They are often intrusive into an individuals life and concerns about exploitation becomes an issue,
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What is the definition of life histories?
A person's experience of life is recounted to the researcher or set down in the form of a 'text'
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What is an example of a life history?
hart- Diary account of the life of a schizophrenic,
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What is a theoretical advantage of life histories about depth?
It can provide a detailed, rich and valid insight about how people's lives change over time,
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What is a practical advantage about its authenticity?
it is first hand account of a person's experiences so more likely to be authentic,
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What is the last practical advantage about its use?
it can be used as a verification took to check other sources of information,
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What is a theoretical disadvantage of life histories about bias?
It can be a biased source as the person recounting could have their own agenda
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What is another theoretical disadvantage about generalisations?
The method is often hard to generalise from because it is usually based on individual historical accounts which lowers reliabilty,
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What is the last theoretical disadvantage about recollecting information?
It can be difficult to recollect information which lowers reliabilty,
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What is a practical disadvantage of life histories abotu time?
It is very time consuming and labour intensive,
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What is the last practical disadvantage about the researcher?
There is often alot of skill needed by the researcher to empathise with the person,
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What is the definition of ethnography?
'Trying to walk in someone else's shoes' do usually participant observation,
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What is an example study using ethnography?
Willis- He used PO to investigate school subcultures,
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What is a theoretical advantage of ethnography concerning environment?
You are often able to observe behaviour in a natural setting which increases validity,
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What is another theoretical advantage of ethnography concerning empathy?
Verstenhen is gained and it becomes possible to see through the eyes of the case study participants and gain true empathy,
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What is the last theoretical advantage conerning insight?
Detailed insight into feelings, meaning, motives and emotions are gained which increases validity
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What is a theoretical disadvantage of enthography concerning sample sizes?
They are based on small sample sizes so it is difficult to generalise and reliability is lowered
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What is another theoretical disadvantage concerning subjectiveness?
The method used is often subjective which lowers reliabilty,
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What is an ethical disadvantage of ethnography?
it is often exploitative as it often delves into people's personal lives,
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What is the definition of triangulation?
Combining different types of research methods, often quantitative and qualitative,
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What is an example of triangulation?
barker and her study of the Mooines using overt PO and questionnaires,
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What is a theoretical advantage of triangulation about data?
Using a range of methods means both quantitative and qualitative data can be collected,
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What is another theoretical advantage about validity and reliabilty?
You gain both validity and reliability as the weaknesses of one method are often eliminated by the strengths of another
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What is the last theoretical advantage?
Qualitative methods are useful for formulating a hypothesis to be tested more scientific quantitative methods
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What is a practical disadvantage?
can be time consuming and expensive,
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Who favours these methods?

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Interpretivists

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Who argues against these methods?

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What is a longitudinal study?

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What is an example of a longitudinal study?

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