# Research Methods

4.0 / 5

HideShow resource information

- Created by: Laurenkeep
- Created on: 02-03-15 16:18

What is the significant level?

0.05% (95%)

1 of 55

How is the number of people in a study shown in statistical form?

N

2 of 55

What do RHO and U standard for in inferential tests?

Spearmans rank- RHO mann-Whitney- U (observed value)

3 of 55

What inferential test would you use for a correlation?

spearmans

4 of 55

What inferential test would you use for working out the order of data?

Mann-Whitney

5 of 55

What is meant by "nominal data"?

Seperate data groups

6 of 55

What is meant by "ordinal" data?

Data in an ordered format

7 of 55

What is a null hypothesis?

Statement of no difference in the outcome

8 of 55

What inferential test would you use for repeated measures?

Wilcoxon

9 of 55

What inferential test would you use for group design?

Chi-Square

10 of 55

What is meant by "interval" data?

the data that is measured using units

11 of 55

What are "type 1 and type 2" errors?

Type 1 errors ignore the truth and type 2 accepts hypothesis when they are wrong

12 of 55

What does spearmans RHO do?

Determines whether the correlation between two co-variables is significant or not

13 of 55

What is independent group design?

two or more groups of participants

14 of 55

What is repeated measures design?

Using the same group of participants throughout

15 of 55

What are the 5 parts to designing a study?

Abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion.

16 of 55

what is the mean?

all the data added together and divided by the amount of beginning data

17 of 55

What is the mode?

most common number in a set of data

18 of 55

What is the median?

the middle number from a set of data

19 of 55

When do you use a scattergram?

correlations

20 of 55

When do you use a bar chart?

Numbers or measurements

21 of 55

How do you work out the range?

the biggest figure - the smallest figure= the range

22 of 55

What is meant by the term "standard deviation"?

Distance from the mean

23 of 55

What does the term "reflexitivity" mean?

the extent that a researchers process reflects a researchers values

24 of 55

What are 2 advantages of QUANTITATIVE data?

easy to analyse and produces a clear conclusion

25 of 55

What are 2 weaknesses of QUANTITATIVE data?

Oversimplifies and humanly insignificant

26 of 55

What are 2 strengths of QUALITATIVE data?

represents true behaviour and has rich detail

27 of 55

What are 2 weaknesses of QUALITATIVE data?

Difficult to analyse and subjective

28 of 55

What is an aim?

An aim is what you plan to achieve

29 of 55

What is science

A systematic approach to creating knowledge

30 of 55

What is meant by the term "replicability"?

A way to demonstrate validity of an observation through repetition

31 of 55

What do the terms "induction" and "deduction" mean?

induction- reasoning from the particular to the general. Deduction- reasoning from the general to the particular

32 of 55

What is meant by "peer review"?

The assessment of scientific research by other people in the same field of work

33 of 55

What are the 3 main purposes for peer review?

1. Allocation of research funding 2. Publication of research in scientific journals/books 3. Assessing the research rating of university departments

34 of 55

What is a Labaoratory experiement?

high internal validity- low ecological validity

35 of 55

What is a field experiment?

conducted in a natural environment- no control over outside issues

36 of 55

What is a natural experiment?

naturally occurring IV'S but does show causality

37 of 55

What are two self-report measures?

Questionnaires and unstructured interviews

38 of 55

What is a case study?

A detailed study on ONE person

39 of 55

What is a pilot study?

A small trial run of the bigger research focus

40 of 55

What is meant by the term "validity"?

Truth

41 of 55

What is meant by the term "reliability"?

Whether or not you get the same result each time

42 of 55

What is external validity?

Things outside of the studies control

43 of 55

What are three sampling methods?

Snowball, volunteer and opportunity

44 of 55

What is random sampling?

Picking names out of a hat

45 of 55

What is snowball sampling?

You ask existing participants to ask others to help

46 of 55

What is stratified sampling?

Sub-groups (boys and girls)

47 of 55

What are ethical guidlines?

rules and regulations you have to follow to make sure your study is ethically sound

48 of 55

What are 3 ethical issues?

harm, deception and informed consent

49 of 55

What are 2 codes of conduct in relation to ethics?

Responsibility and Respect

50 of 55

What is an IV?

independent variable-

51 of 55

What is a DV?

Dependent variable-

52 of 55

What are 2 experimental designs?

independent group design and matched pairs design

53 of 55

What is 1 strength and 1 weakness of peer review?

Anonymity allows honesty and theirs not always someone available

54 of 55

Why do we use inferential tests?

they are more accurate and we can show clear results from the data that is produced.

55 of 55

## Other cards in this set

### Card 2

#### Front

How is the number of people in a study shown in statistical form?

#### Back

N

### Card 3

#### Front

What do RHO and U standard for in inferential tests?

#### Back

### Card 4

#### Front

What inferential test would you use for a correlation?

#### Back

### Card 5

#### Front

What inferential test would you use for working out the order of data?

#### Back

## Similar Psychology resources:

0.0 / 5

0.0 / 5

0.0 / 5

0.0 / 5

0.0 / 5

0.0 / 5

## Comments

No comments have yet been made