research methods ; types of observation

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observations provide psychologists with way of seeing what ppl do w/o?
having to ask them
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allow researchers to do what?
study observable behaviour in natural / ctrlled setting
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allows researcher flexibility to study?
more complex interactions more naturally
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obs often used w/in experiment as way of assessing?
dependent variable
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NATURALISTIC / CTRLLED OBS
DFGDFG
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where do naturalistic obs take place?
in setting / context where target behaviour would usually occur
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why may controlled observation be preferred someties?
if want to control certain aspects
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like ainsworth recording data from two way mirror makes it?
controlled
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some control over variables including?
control extraneous variables / manipulatin to observe efects
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NATURALISTIC / CTRLLED OBSERVATIONS ; EVAL
DFGDG
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why naturalistic obs tend to have high external validity?
findings can be generalised to erryday life bc that's where the study occurs
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but lack ctrl over research situations makes what difficult?
replication
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there may also be many uncontrolled?
extraneous variables
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that make it more difficult to
judg patterns of behaviour
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ctrlled obs in contrast may produce findings that can't be?
appled to real-life settings
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extraneous variables may be less of a factor so what becomes easier?
replication of observation
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COVERT / OVERT OBSERVATIONS
DFGDFG
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what happens in a covert operation/
pps unaware they're the focus of the study and behaviour observed in secret
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what must this behaviour be to avoid being unethical?
in public and happening anyway
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and what ahppens in overt observations?
pps know behaviour is being observed
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and given what beforehand?
informed consent
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C/OVERT EVALUATION
DFGD
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fact pps don't know being watched removes?
pp reactivity
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and ensures what baout any behaviour observed?
natural
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this increases what about data?
validity
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however why ethics quesitoneD?
ppl may not like havin their behaviours noted down
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in this sense overt observations are more?
ethically acceptable
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but knowledge pps have that they're being observed may act as?
significant influence on behaviur
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NON-/PP OBS
GDG
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what happens in pp obs?
researcher becomes part of the group
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and non-participant?
researcher remains separate from those they're studying and records in more objective manner
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why may non-pp b the only option sometimes?
may be impractical / impossible to join grps
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NON-/PP ; EVAL
DGDG
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what are the benefits of pp obs in researcher experiencing situation as pps do?
give increased insight into lives of ppl being studies
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what about findings may this increase?
validity
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dager however that researcher may lose objectivity why?
come to identify too strongly with those they're studying
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sometimes referred to as?
'going native'
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non-pp observations allow researcher to mntn?
objective psych distance from pps
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so less chance of them?
'goig native'
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however may lose what about pp obs?
valuabe linsight
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why
too far removed from ppl they're studying
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Card 2

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allow researchers to do what?

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study observable behaviour in natural / ctrlled setting

Card 3

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allows researcher flexibility to study?

Back

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Card 4

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obs often used w/in experiment as way of assessing?

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Card 5

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NATURALISTIC / CTRLLED OBS

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