research methods ; self-report techniques

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QUESTIONNAIRES
FGFDG
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involve?
pre-set list qs to which pp responds
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questionnaires used to assess?
thoughts / feelings
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questionnaire may be used as part of experiment to assess?
dependent variable
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- open and closed questions
dgg
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open questions doesn;t have?
fixed range answers
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so respondents left?
free to answer how they wish
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open questions tend to produce what kind of data?
qualitative
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pros and cons?
rich in depth but difficult to analyse
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closed questions offer?
fixed no responses
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how do closed questions produce numerical data?
limiting answers
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qhat are the pro/cons quantitative data?
easy analyse / lack depth
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QUESTIONNAIRE ; EVAL
DGD
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- strengths
dffg
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money?
cost-effective
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why can they gather large amounts data wuickly?
can be distributed to large grps pps
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can be completes w/o researcher present as is case in what kind of questionairre?
postal
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which also reduceswhat?
effort
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what about analysis?
usually straightforward
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esp if mainly what kind of questions?
closed
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data lends itself to statistical analysis and comparisos between ppl can be made using?
graphs / charts
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FOR LIMITATIONS GO TO CARD 50 BC IM AN IDIOT
DGD
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INTERVIEWS
DFGDF
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what are the two braod types interview?
structured / unstructires
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- structured
DDF
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made up of?
set pre-determined questions asked in fixed order
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like questionairre but waht's differnt?
asked face to face (or on phone) in real time
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- unstructured
sdfdf
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works a lot like conversation how?
no set questions
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what is general aim?
certain topic discussed w/ interaction free-flowing
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interviewee encouraged expand and elaborate answers as prompted by?
interviewer
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- semi-structured interviews
dfgdg
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many interviews likely to fall?
inbetween two
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what is a good example of semi-structured?
job interiew
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what is like a structured interview?
list of pre-determined questions
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but like unstructured?
interviewer also free to ask follow-up q's where appropriate
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INTERVIEW ; EVAL
DFGDFG
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- structures iterviews
dfggd
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due to standardised format they're straightforward to?
replicate
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format also reduces?
differences between interviewers
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not possible however due to nature to do what?
deviate from topic / elaborae pts
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which may be source of what for some?
frustration
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- unstructured interviews
dfgdfg
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much more flexibility and why are follow-up qs good?
allows gain more insight into worldview of interviewee
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analysis of data from unstrictured isn't?
straightfwd
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researcher may have to sift through?
much irrelevant info
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which may make whad difficult?
drawing clear conclusions
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risk interviewee may lie for reasons of?
social desirability
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skilled and exp interviewer shoudl be able to do what?
est sufficient rapport so even when sensitive topics discussed responses r truthful
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LIMITATIONS OF Q'S BC I 4GOT TO PUT THEM @ THE TOP
DFGD
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responses may not always be?
truthful
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why?
want to present selves in good light
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this is a demand characteristic known as?
social desirability bias
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questionnaires also produce response bias which is?
respondets repluing in similar way or on same end of rating scal
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why?
bc complete too quickly and fail read questions properly
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wht is this specific thing known as?
acquiescence bias
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involve?

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pre-set list qs to which pp responds

Card 3

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questionnaires used to assess?

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Card 4

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questionnaire may be used as part of experiment to assess?

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Card 5

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- open and closed questions

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