Republican Rule 1649-1660

  • Created by: lx1234
  • Created on: 10-11-18 19:39
When was a campaign lead against the irish?
1649
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When was a campaign lead against the Scottish?
1650
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When were the new elections?
1653
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When was the nominated assembly?
1653
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When was the Instrument of Government?
1653
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When was the commission of Triers and Ejectors set up?
1654
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When did Cromwell make "Moral and Godly Reforms"?
1654-55
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When was the first Protectorate Parliament?
1655-56
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When was the Humble Petition and Advice?
1657
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When was the rule of the major generals?
1655-1656
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When was the second Protectorate Parliament?
56-58
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When was the third Protectorate Parliament?
1658-60
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What was the Instrument of Government?
Ended the commonwealth and created a protectorate with Gov by a single person, and a council of state.
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What is a council of state?
Replacement for Privy Council, 21 members and 460 MP's. Elected every 3 years by voters with at least £200 personal property.
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When was the rump established?
January 1649
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When was Monarchy and the House of Lords abolished?
1649
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When did extremist groups emerge?
1650
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When was the Toleration Act and what was it?
1650, people were no longer required to attend church as long as they took part in religious service every week.
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When was it decided that Tithes should continue?
April 1652
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When was the Blasphemy Act and what was it?
1650, resisted radical religious groups.
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When was the Scottish war?
1650-51
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When was the Irish War?
1649
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When was the Dutch War?
1652-54
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How much did the rump make by selling royal property?
£70,000
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When did Cromwell storm the stronghold in Ireland?
August 1649
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How much was monthly assessment raised to?
£90,000
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When did Cromwell disolve the Rump and why?
April 1653, new elections would increase representation of conservative views
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Who advised Cromwell to make a new constitution?
Lambert.
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What did Colonel Thomas Hamson suggest?
Ask churches and radical groups to nominate an assembly of men to form a government.
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Why was it nicknamed the barebones parliament?
Due to Nicholas Barbon being a member, a radical preacher from London.
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When was the Nominated Assembly dissolved and why?
December 1653, Moderate members dissolved Parliament whilst the Conservatives attended a religious service as they felt the assembly was too conservative.
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Who would elect Parliament and how often?
Anyone with at least £200 of personal property, elected every 3 years.
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Why was the First Protectorate Parliament dissolved?
They refused to recognise the instrument of Government. Dissolved in January 1655
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Why did Cromwell refuse the Humble Petition and Advice?
1. God didn't give him the crown. 2. Pressure from Conservative MP's. 3. Pressure from Army. 4. Questions about legitimacy.
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Why was the Third Protectorate Parliament a failure?
Richard was in charge, he had no experience of warfare so the New Model Army didn't respect him. Unacceptable to Council of Officers, forced him to resign, 1659
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Who reintroduced Monarchy and how?
George Monck. Marched forces into London to restore free Parliament on the terms that the ultimate outcome was the restoration of the monarch.
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How many MP's who were excluded during Prides Purge were allowed back into Parliament?
100-140
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When did excluded MP's return to Parliament?
February 1649
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How many people were in the rump parliament?
41
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How many in the rump parliament were regicides?
14
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How many in the rump Parliament took the engagement?
41
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Who signed Charles death warrant?
Thomas Harrison
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What was The Engagement?
An oath indicating someone will be true and faithful to the commonwealth
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When did the Armis Mutinies?
1650
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What was the Moderate Oath of Engagement?
An oath that was gradually introduced to identify the Rumps most determined opponents.
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When was the First Agreement of the People?
1648-49
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What was the First Agreement of the People?
Petition that would lead to the dissolvement of the Rump and democratic elections.
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What was the impact of the Levellers on Parliament?
Made Parliament more conservative.
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When did Cromwell and Ireton send 2000 troops to Ireland?
1649.
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How many civilians did Cromwell order the deaths of after the irish rebellion was crushed?
Drogheda - 1000. Wexford - 2000
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When was Charles II proclaimed King of Scotland?
June 1650
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How many troops did Cromwell lead into Scotland?
15,000
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When did Cromwell win against the Scottish?
3rd September 1650
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When was the union of England and Scotland?
1651
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When was the Act for the relief of poor debtors set up?
September 1649
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Why did the army dislike the Rump?
Acts didn't help the army. Saw it as corrupt and self-serving. Failure to dissolve itself..
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When was the act stating the rump must dissolve itself by 3rd November 1654?
14th November 1651
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When was monthly assessment raised?
1652
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How much was Monthly assessment raised by?
£90,000-£120,000
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What was the Navigation act?
Non-english ships could enter English ports only if they carried goods from their own country. A problem for the Dutch as they transport more goods from other countries.
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Why did the Rump send people to the Netherlands?
To unite the two states, Dutch dismissed the idea
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Card 2

Front

When was a campaign lead against the Scottish?

Back

1650

Card 3

Front

When were the new elections?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When was the nominated assembly?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the Instrument of Government?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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