Renaissance period (1500-1700 AD)

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Great Plague date?
1665
1 of 14
Causes of illness: continuities
Astrology, God, touch, breath, sweat, smell, poisons
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Causes of illness: changes
Infected meat, insects/invisible creatures, poisonous eggs (blood)
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Action against the plague - treatments
Examiners look for the sick. Searchers to see if people are dead. Burial six feet under. Sick shut in their houses. Houses of sick marked, red cross.
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Action against the plague - treatments cont.
Streets swept & cleaned. Rakers removed waste & sick. No hogs, dogs, tame pigeons or rabbits kept in the city.
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Vesalius
Anatomical diagrams. Accuracy. First time in book written letters or numbers and a diagram, labels. Better than using words! Started proved Galen wrong with discoveries.
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Vesalius: Tabulae Sex
1538. Anatomical drawings. Better than just using words. Started to see problems with Galen
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Vesalius: Letter on Venesection
1539. Bleeding. Illustrations of veins. Anatomical reason to challenge Galen & Hippocrates. Blood letting: not opposite side, only small amount should be taken.
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Vesalius: Fabric of the Human Body
1543. Human anatomy study about everything. Illustrations. Corrected Galen. Letters & diagrams - more accurate learning, understanding.
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William Harvey
Rabbits experiment, couldn't see heart beating. Frog = slower heartbeat. Saw blood circulated through arteries and veins, proving Galen's theory of it going one way & disappearing wrong. Good for surgery.
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William Harvey cont.
Proved theory of four humours wrong, as you can't have too much blood as it circulates. 8 x volume of blood in a frog than the volume of the frog itself. Blood flows one way in veins and arteries. First circulatory system diagram. Heart is a pump.
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The Royal Society
1662. Investigated: effects of heat on glass; comets; effects of poison on dogs, cats and hens; effects of a vacuum on kittens; human foetus; blood transfusions & circulation; microscopes; refraction of light.
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Ambroise Pare: gunshot wounds
Mix yolks of eggs, oil of roses and turpentine together - acts like an antiseptic. Apply to wound. Leave patient to recover.
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Ambroise Pare: amputation
Find where it should be amputated. Eat healthily to improve physical health. Pull skin away & tie. Hold patient firmly. Cut flesh with sharp knife, saw bone. Let stump bleed. Tie veins and arteries. Tie skin back over stump.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Astrology, God, touch, breath, sweat, smell, poisons

Back

Causes of illness: continuities

Card 3

Front

Infected meat, insects/invisible creatures, poisonous eggs (blood)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Examiners look for the sick. Searchers to see if people are dead. Burial six feet under. Sick shut in their houses. Houses of sick marked, red cross.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Streets swept & cleaned. Rakers removed waste & sick. No hogs, dogs, tame pigeons or rabbits kept in the city.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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