Religious Studies: What do Christians Believe About Fertility Treatment?

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What three Christian views cause important ethical questions to be raised in the use of fertility treatment, cloning and genetic engineering?
God alone should be the creator of life, God gave humans a soul and God created humans in his image.
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What is fertility treatment?
The medical treatment given to people who want babies but cannot have them.
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What are the two possible reasons for infertility? What repercussion can this have?
The man is not producing healthy sperm and/or the woman is not producing eggs. Either way, infertility can make people very unhappy,
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What dos IVF stand for?
In Vitro fertilisation (meaning in glass)
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Do all Christians agree on the subject of fertility treatment?
No.
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What are Roman Catholics view on fertility treatment?
They disagree with it - and they teach that infertility must be accepted as part of God's plan.
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What do many Christians believe about fertility treatment?
That help should be given to people who want babies.
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Why do some christians think it is wrong to use sperm or/and eggs form a donor?
Because it brings a third person into the marriage relationship.
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What is one of the most common fertility treatments?
IVF.
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Describe briefly the process of IVF
Doctors put healthy sperm and a human egg together in a test tube and wait to see if embryos develop. Embryos are then placed inside a women's uterus where they can continue to grow.
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What do doctors do to ensure that at least one embryo survives? What concerns does this raise for Christians and likewise, non-religious people?
They fertilise more than one egg - this process may result in spare embryos. Many are concerned about what happens to these spare embryos.
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When are donor eggs or sperm used?
If one of the partners cannot produce healthy sperm or eggs at all.
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What question is raised in the use of donor eggs/sperm? What do some Christians believe about this treatment?
Whether it is acceptable to use donor eggs/sperm from someone who is unknown to the couple. Some Christians think this goes against the belief that partners should be faithful to each other.
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Who believes in the sanctity of life?
Christians.
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What did Scientists announce they had done in 2009?
That they had screened embryos for the purpose of reducing a baby's chance of getting breast cancer when she grows up.
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How is screening embryos to reduce the risk of breast cancer different to a so-called 'designer baby'
You are not choosing a babies hair colour or selecting an aptitude for maths or ice-skating. You are doing it to ensure your child will not develop a life threatening disease - and won't pass on the defective gene to her own children.
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What are we arguably doing by choosing the kind of baby we want is wrong?
'playing God'
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Describe what happens in Mary Shelley's book 'Frankenstein' published 1818. How does this link to what Scientists are doing in the modern day?
It tells the story of scientist Victor Frankenstein and the monster he created from parts of dead bodies with disastrous consequences. It seemed a total fantasy when it was written, but 200 years later, it no longer seems impossible.
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When and who was the world's first cloned animal?
Dolly the Sheep in 1996.
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Describe briefly the process of cloning.
Happens by cell fusion in which the nucleus of an already differentiated adult cell is fused with an unfertilised egg from a donor animal. It is theoretically possible to use this process to produce a child that is a clone of one of its parents.
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What do most Christians believe about life?
That it is a gift from God and we must trust that God has a purpose for each human life,.
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Why do some Christians oppose human cloning?
They see it as morally equivalent to 'playing God'
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What happens in embryo research?
Human embryos are studied and used in order to find ways of preventing and curing illnesses. Human tissue from the embryos can be implanted into living patients to slow down serious diseases of the nervous system.
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Which serious diseases of the nervous system can be slowed down by human tissue from embryos? (2)
Motor neurone disease and Parkinson's disease.
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Where does the tissue - in the prevention of nervous system diseases - come from?
Usually from aborted foetuses.
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Which Christian church opposes all embryo research?
Roman Catholics.
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What is the Anglian Church's view on embryo research?
They support it up to 14 days.
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What is the majority of Christians views on embryo research?
They accept it as long as it is controlled.
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What is the reason behind some Christians support of embryo research?
They accept it because it means some good comes out of abortions.
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What is the reason behind some Christians opposing embryo research?
They think it is treating human life to a means to an end rather than as intrinsically valuable, and because the embryo is not in a position to give consent.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is fertility treatment?

Back

The medical treatment given to people who want babies but cannot have them.

Card 3

Front

What are the two possible reasons for infertility? What repercussion can this have?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What dos IVF stand for?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Do all Christians agree on the subject of fertility treatment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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