Religious Studies- Cosmological (1st cause)

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What is the overall argument for the cosmological argument?
1. Everything that exists has a cause of its existence 2. The Universe exists 3. The Universe has a cause of its existence 4. If the Universe has a cause, God is the cause 5. God exsists
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What is wrong with the cosmological argument?
its "unsound" - "Everything that exists has a cause for its existence" (1) God exists but doesn't have a cause therefore (1) is false.
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What is the Kalam argument?
1. Everything with a beginning to its existence has a cause for its existence, the Universe has a beginning, so the Universe must have a cause for its existence.
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What supports the Kalam argument?
1. Things that dont have a cause for its existence 2.Universe could be infinite (but...paradox)- NOTHING
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What is the first of Aquina's first three ways?
1. The Kalam argument- EVERYTHING IS CHANGING- Nothing can change by itself- cannot be a infinite regress of things- must be prime mover-God.
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What is the second of Aquina's first three ways?
2. The argument from causation- EVERYTHING HAS A CAUSE-Everything has a cause-has to be a first cause to start chain of causes- first cause= God
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What is the third of Aquina's first three ways?
3. The argument from contingency- Everything can either exist or not- things "cannot exist" so there was a time when they didn't-everything in world could not of existed-must be something to bring it to existence- God can explain a time with nothing
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What is Leibniz's argument?
Everything has reason for its existence (sufficient reason) the explanations stop with God as he is out of space and time, he is necessary, and doesn't cause himself.
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What are the strengths and weaknesses of Leibniz's argument?
Strengths- Inductive reasoning (we can obersev), plausible that universe has beginning, infinity problem. Weaknesses- possibility of infinite regress, brute fact (needs no explanation)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is wrong with the cosmological argument?

Back

its "unsound" - "Everything that exists has a cause for its existence" (1) God exists but doesn't have a cause therefore (1) is false.

Card 3

Front

What is the Kalam argument?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What supports the Kalam argument?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the first of Aquina's first three ways?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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