Religious Studies: Belief in God

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What are the six reasons why a christian might believe in God?
Ontological argument, Cosmological argument, Teleological argument, Argument from experience, Moral Argument, and background and upbringing.
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Why is it not a suitable argument that science and religion oppose each other?
Some famous scientists are atheists, e.g. Richard Dawkins, however some are Christians such as John Polkinghorne.
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Talk about the argument: Background and Upbringing
People brought up in a Christian family may accept that God exists because they have always been taught so. They may go to church and celebrate festivals and special occasions, but they might not be able to say why they believe that God exists.
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Why might some people accept 'blind faith' as a justifiable argument for God?
It doesn't show the existence of God at all and is just the result of upbringing.
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Why do people accept 'blind faith' as a justifiable argument for God?
The reason the family believe and have passed on their faith is because it is true and this is God at work.
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What is the problem with the Moral Argument?
If everyone's conscience comes from God, why do all people not believe that the same things are right and wrong? and why do Christians not always agree on what is right and wrong?
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Talk about the argument: Moral argument (Conscience)
All people have a basic understudying of what is right and wrong which is often called the conscience. If this is the case then where did this knowledge/conscience come from? The only answer to this must be God
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Talk about the argument: Moral argument (Guilt)
All people have a basic understudying of what is right and wrong. The feeling of guilt if we do wrong is God, who knows our actions even if no one else does.
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What are the main two factors in the moral argument?
Guilt and Conscience
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What is the problem with the Argument from Experience?
There is often very little evidence to show that someone has had a religious experience or that a miracle has actually happened.
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Give an example of somebody who believes in God due to experience
Nicky Cruz - A New York ex gang member who experienced a religious conversion.
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Talk about the argument: from experience
God can be experienced through incidents such as answers to prayers/experience of miracles, because people have experienced these things they argue God must exist. For some, a personal experience may have convinced them that God exists.
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Why has the teleological argument been criticised?
People say that the fact a design is complicated does not prove the existence of a God and also does not prove that it was only one God who was responsible.
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What are two another names for the teleological argument?
The design argument and the Divine Watchmaker
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Who produced the Teleological Argument?
A Christian philosopher, William Paley (1734 - 1805)
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What did William Paley say about a rock and a watch?
If you were walking across a field & saw a large rock you would just assume that it had always been there. However,if you also found a watch in the field you would assume that its parts had not come together by chance but that someone had designed it
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Who produced the Cosmological Argument?
Thomas Aquinas (1225-74)
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Talk about the argument: Cosmological
Something can not come from nothing, therefore, because there is a universe, someone or something must have brought it into existence. This 'first cause' of the universe is God.
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What is the issue with the Cosmological argument?
There is no proof that the 'first cause' of the universe is God, it is possible that the first cause wasn't God.
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Who produced the ontological argument?
A Christian thinker, Anselm (1033-1109)
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Talk about the argument: Ontological
God should be described as that 'that which nothing greater can be conceived' This means that God must exist otherwise we could not produce this description.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why is it not a suitable argument that science and religion oppose each other?

Back

Some famous scientists are atheists, e.g. Richard Dawkins, however some are Christians such as John Polkinghorne.

Card 3

Front

Talk about the argument: Background and Upbringing

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why might some people accept 'blind faith' as a justifiable argument for God?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why do people accept 'blind faith' as a justifiable argument for God?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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