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  • Created by: jessie
  • Created on: 24-09-13 21:37
what is the definition of cosmos?
The world or universe as well ordered or perfect system
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what does the cosmological argument seek to prove?
the existence of God from the starting point of the Universe
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what else does the cosmological argument seek to prove
why there is a universe in which we live rather than nothingness
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what did Aquinas observe about existence
that nothing could bring itself to exist, there had to have been something to bring it into existence, as that would mean it would have to exist before it existed.
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what is the God of classical theism?
he is eternal and exists outside time and space but is still able to act and create within it
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what is a posteriori?
an argument based on the idea that something can be proved on experience
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what is necessary existence when applied to God?
when related to God refers to his eternal and transcendent nature
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What does that mean?
That God exists outside of the universe and time and space but is still able to act and create within it
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what is final cause?
the reason for something to happen
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what is the cosmological arguement also known as?
The First Cause Argument
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who believed that all movement depends on their being a mover?
Aristotle
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what does Aristotle call this unmoved mover?
The Prime Mover
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who does Aristotle believe is the prime mover?
God
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what was St Aquinas's chief work?
Summaries of Theology
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what were Aquinas's three ways?
Motion, Cause, Contingency
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what was his first way based on?
Motion, the movement of things
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what is his third way the argument of?
Contingency
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what is efficient cause?
A cause that is capable of performing an action and bringing about the desired result.
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what is to be supremely perfect?
to have all perfections
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what is the cosmological argument used for?
to prove the existence of the God of classical theism
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what did the first cause start?
the series of causes and effects that caused all events to happen
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what 4 things did Aristotle argue?
that God does not exist within the Universe, that God did not create the Universe, that God does not sustain the Universe, that God does not care about the Universe
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what does Aristotle argue?
that there is an unmoved mover, who caused the world to exist
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what does Aristotle argue on movement?
that behind every movement, there must have been series of causes and events that brought about that event
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what does movement also include?
change, growth, heating and cooling
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what did Aquinas's second way identify?
A series of causes and events
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what is the second caused based on?
the fact that everything that begins has a cause
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what did the unmoved mover begin?
the movement in everything without actually being moved
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what does the prime mover cause?
the movement of other things not as a efficient cause but as a final cause
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what is teleogy?
the physical explanation of a phenomena by the purposes they serve rather than the causes behind them
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what does the cosmological argument seek to prove?

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the existence of God from the starting point of the Universe

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what else does the cosmological argument seek to prove

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Card 4

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what did Aquinas observe about existence

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Card 5

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what is the God of classical theism?

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