Religious Language

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Logical Positivism
Refers to movement in philosophy that believed that the aim of philosophers should be the analysis of language. Statements only have meaning if they can be verified empirically or are tautologies.
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Cognitive Language
When you can ask if a statement is true or false... eg "the dog is asleep in its basket".
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Non-cognitive language
When you cannot ask if something is true or false... eg "a prayer".
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Verification Principle
Statements are only meaningful if they can be verified by the senses.
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Tautology
A logical statement that we can know to be true by definition.
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A Priori
"From what comes before". Used to apply to knowledge that is gained irrespective of experience, by reasoning.
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A posteriori
"from what comes after". Used to refer to knowledge that is gained by experience.
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Eschatological Verification
A statement can be verifiable if true but not falsifiable if false.
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Falsification
The emarcation between the scientific and non-scientific.
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Via Negativa
The 'negative way'. A way of talking about God which says he is not rather than what he is.
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Analogy
An analogy is a comparison with something familiar.
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Symbol
Something used in religious thought to show something which points people to God and also shows God to people.
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Sign
Something which points you in a certain direction or shows something, such as a road sign.
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Univocal Language
Statements which mean the same thing for God and for humans... eg we can say "God's love" and "Paul's love" is univocally whereby 'love' means the same when applied to God and Paul.
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Equivocal Language
Statements when a same word has been applied to both God and humans, but bc God and Humans are different, word has different meanings. "God is wise" is different to "Paul is wise". Speaking equivocally, God's wisdom is far greater.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Cognitive Language

Back

When you can ask if a statement is true or false... eg "the dog is asleep in its basket".

Card 3

Front

Non-cognitive language

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Verification Principle

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Tautology

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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