Religious Experience

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  • Created by: Paige
  • Created on: 06-03-15 11:58
What is a vision?
Something seen by unoridinary sight, e.g. in sleep or ecstacy.
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What are the four different types of vision?
Group Visions, Individual visions, Corporeal visions, Imaginative visions.
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What is a Group Vision?
A vision seen by more than one person.
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What is an example of a group vision?
Angels of Mons: During 1st world war a vision of St Georgr and a phantom Bowman halted the Kaiser Troops. Others claim angels threw a protective curtain over them, saving the British troops.
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What is an individual vision?
A vision seen by only one person.
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What is an example of an individual vision?
Bernadette of Lourdes: Claimed to have been instructed by an apparition of the Virgin Mary to dig a hole and a healing spring would appear. (The place was Lordes)
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What is a Corporeal vision?
(Corporeal- physical) An external object that is only visible to certain people.
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What is an example of a Corporeal Vision?
Sightings of angels.
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What is an imaginative vision?
An image produced in a person's imagination that has no existence externally to the person.
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What is an example of an imaginative vision?
John's visions of strange creatures in the book of Revelation. ALSO; Dreams are sometimes considered to be visions; e.g. The Wise Men were warned in a dream to not return to Herod.
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What varies within visions?
The form and Content.
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How can the form and content of visions vary?
An image/event which carries a message/ Religious figures/ Places/ Fantastic creatures/ The final judgement (end of the world).
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What are examples of the variation of the form and content in visions?
Image/ Event: Peter's vision of the large sheet containing all kinds of animals making him realise he could eat with a Gentile. Religious figures: St Teresa vision of angel with spear of fire. Places: Guru Nanak's vision of God's court.
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What are examples of the variation of the form and content in visions?(ext.)
Fantastic Creatures: Ezekiel's vision of four living creatures with faces. The final judgement/end of world: John's vision of the final judgement in the Book of Revelation.
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What does Conversion mean?
to 'change direction': the process which alters one's view of the world and one's personal place in it.
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What are the four different ways of catergorising a conversion experience?
A Unifying of the innerself. From no religion to faith. From one faith to another faith. From faith(believing) to faith(trusting)
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Who understood conversion as being a unifying of the inner self?
American psychologist and philosopher William James- He saw conversion in psychological terms rather than miraculous occurence. The divided self was an awareness and incompleteness.
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Who spoke about conversion being no religion to a faith and what did they say?
Augustine(Bishop of Hippo in 395ce); 'As I came to the end of the sentence, it was though the light of confidence flooded into my heart and all the darkness of doubt was dispelled.'
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What is an example of conversion being from one religion to another?
Sikh Sundar Singh was dissatisfied with Sikhism and sought ultimate meaning in Hinduism and Christianity. He made to kill himself unless God revealed himself but then had a vision of Jesus and became an active Christian for the rest of his life.
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What is an example of conversion being from faith (believing) to faith ?
John Wesley: Did not have faith in Christ as a personal saviour then in 1738 he records how his heart had strangely warmed and did trust Christ.
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How are conversions sometimes categorised?
Intellectual and Moral
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What is an example of an intellectual Conversion?
C.S Lewis: in 1931 he walked and talked for hours with J.R.R Tolkien about myth and Christianity and became convinced that Jesus was the Son of God.
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What is an example of a Moral Conversion?
Augustine: His wayward life was challenged when he read the words from Romans which wxhorts the reader to abandon the works of the flesh and to be clothed with Christ.
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What are William James' four Key Features of conversion?
1. Gradual or Sudden. 2.Volitional of Self Surrendering. 3.Passive or Active. 4.Transforming.
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Key features of conversion- explain Gradual or Sudden conversion.
Conversion can occur gradually(over a period of time) or suddenly (straight away). However, even sudden conversions may have had prior subconscious development.
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Key featured of conversion- Explain Volitional/ Self Surrendering conversion.
Conversion may involve giving up personal will, either freely(volitional) or with resistance and an internal battle (self-surrendering)
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Key features of conversion- Explain Passive/ Active conversion.
Either the experience comes upon someone unexpectedly without them deliberately seeking it, or someone may specifically seek a spiritual experience by going to a evangelistic meeting.
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Key Features of conversion- Explain Transforming conversion.
Conversion may involve going through a transformation; a new person; a new creation.
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What is Mysticism?
An experience that alters the state of consciousness and brings people to claim a new awareness of ultimate reality. For Theists- it is usually a union/communion with God. For Eastern Religions- It is usually a realisation of enlightenment.
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Who distiguished the three different types of mystical experiences?
Robert Zaehner- Professor of Eastern Religions at Oxford University.
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What are the Three different types of Mystical experiences?
1.Nature. 2.Monistic. 3.Theistic.
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Three types of Mystical experience- Explain Nature.
The experience of oneness with nature- God can be experienced through the natural world as he is everywhere.
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Three types of Mystical experience- Explain Monistic.
The experience of one's own spirit as the Absolute, the identity of Atman and Brahman. It is found more in Eastern traditions; the goal is the realisation of one's identity as the Absolute.
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Three types of Mystical experience- Explain Theistic.
The union of communion with a personal Lord. Theistic mystics speak about having a consciousness of being fully absorbed into or even identical with God.
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Who distinguished TWO different types of Mystical experiences?
Walter State- A British philosopher.
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What are the two different types of Mystical Experiences?
Extrovertive and Introvertive.
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Two different types of Mystical Experiences- Explain Extrovertive.
(outward looking)- where the plurality of objects in the world is transfigured into a single living entity.
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Two different types of Mystical Experiences- Explain Intovertive.
(inward looking)- Where a person loses their identity as a separate individual and merges slowly into the divine unity,
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Who identified FOUR feautures of mysticism?
William James(The ***** who seems to constantly be popping up)
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What are the FOUR features of mysticism?
1. Ineffability. 2. Noetic quality. 3.Transciency. 4. Passivity.
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Four feautures of mysticism- Explain Ineffability.
-no adequate account of the experience can be given in words. It defies expression.
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Four feautures of mysticism- Explain Noetic quality.
-They are states that allow apparent insight into the depths of truths unobtainable by the intellect alone.They have a force of certainty and reality.
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Four feautures of mysticism- Explain Transiency.
- The states can not be maintained for longe periods of time, Though the states are remembered, they are imperfectly recalled.
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Four feautures of mysticism- Explain Passivity.
There is a sense of feeling that one is taken over by a superior power.
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What three characteristics did the professor F.C Happold identify?
1. Consciousness of the oneness of everything. 2. Sense of timelessness. 3. The idea that the ego is not the real 'I'.
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Three Characterstics of mysticism- Explain the consciousness of the oneness of everything.
The usual awareness of identity, or ego, fades away and the person becomes aware of being part of a dimension much greater than themselves
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Three Characterstics of mysticism- Explain Sense of timelessness.
-The subject feels in a realm of eternity of infinity- beyond past, present and future and beyond ordinary three dimensional space.
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Three Characterstics of mysticism- Explain the idea that the ego is not the real 'I'.
This seema to be a sense that there is a unchanging self that is immortal and that lies behind the usual experience of self.
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Who identified three stages of mystical experiences?
St. Bonaventure.
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What are the three stages of mystical experiences?
1. The Purgative stage. 2. The illuminative stage. 3.The Unitive stage.
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The three stages of mystical experiences- Explain The purgative stage.
The mystic is purified and prepared for the experience through mediation.
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The three stages of mystical experiences- Explain The illuminative stage.
The mysic is affected both in his intellect and his feelings.
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The three stages of mystical experiences- Explain The unitive stage.
The mystic gains a continuing union with the divine.
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Card 2

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What are the four different types of vision?

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Group Visions, Individual visions, Corporeal visions, Imaginative visions.

Card 3

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What is a Group Vision?

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Card 4

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What is an example of a group vision?

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Card 5

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What is an individual vision?

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