Religious experience

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List Kant's three categories for religious experience.
1) Physico-theological, based on specific experiences of the world (includes teleological) 2) cosmological 3) ontological
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How does Swinburne categorise religious experience?
Swinburne has five different types of religious experience, three of which are private. He classifies almost everything
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How does Rudolf Otto define religious experiences?
Otto focuses on the effect of the religious experiences on the individual who suddenly experiences the fierce power of God "a terrifying and compelling mystery" he describes this as "numinous" which strikes terror & wonder
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Swinburne's principle of credulity states that...?
We should continue to trust our sense information "what one seems to perceive is probably so"
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Swinburne's principle of testimony states that...?
We should trust each other's testimony as: "the experiences of others are (probably) as they report them"
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William James has four elements of religious experience. What are they?
1. Ineffable 2. Noetic Quality (learning) 3. Transiency and 4. Passivity
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William James classifications exclude the possibility of...?
Preparation for a religious experience (e.g. taking drugs/whirling dervishes...)
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Describe some scientific evidence that Religious Experiences are in the mind
Ramachandran found that epileptics experience hightened religious experiences in seizures
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Why are Religious Experiences so important?
Because they could provide evidence for God, or, as William James argues, they can reveal God.
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What does Donovan argue?
If you experience God you know that the RE is valid and "that is all there is to it." RE's reaffirm faith, rather than teach.
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State Ayer's argument about discussing religious experiences
"god-talk is evidently meaningless"
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Can religious experiences be proven through logical positivism?
Definitely not.
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Describe the idea that our ideas of God can be verified in the afterlife, and the man who named this concept.
Eschatological verification - after death we can know whether there is a heaven - John Hick
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Koren helmet?
renamed to Persinger's helmet, it switches parts of the brain which provokes "mystical experience and altered states"
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Hume argues that miracles and RE's are
more common in "barbarous nations"
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Universality can both undermine and add validity to religious experiences. How?
It opposes Hume's argument (adds validity) and undermines because these experiences happen in different religions
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Peter Varde argues that...?
We cannot argue against religious experiences because we have no experience of creating them
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In "the evidential Force of Religious Experience" Caroline Franks Davis argues that...?
Arguments for and against Gods existence are even and RE's tip the scale
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David Hay, a scientist, found that...?
Between 30-45% of Britain (irrespective of age/geography/beliefs) have experienced a force beyond themselves.
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How does Caroline Davies respond to the criticism of universality?
That the religious experiences are expressed in the language and culture of the person exerperiencing it.
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Martin Bouber, I-Thou, argues that?
I-thou relationships are completely different to I-it and I-you, and "when thou is spoken, there is no thing. Thou has no bounds"
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How does Swinburne categorise religious experience?

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Swinburne has five different types of religious experience, three of which are private. He classifies almost everything

Card 3

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How does Rudolf Otto define religious experiences?

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Card 4

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Swinburne's principle of credulity states that...?

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Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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Swinburne's principle of testimony states that...?

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