Religious Studies Unit 8: Religion and Society KEY WORDS

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  • Created on: 15-03-16 21:23
Define Bible
The holy book of Christians
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Define church
The Christian place of worship
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Define Church
The community of Christians
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Define conscience
An inner feeling of right or wrongness - said to be the voice of God in all humans
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What is the Decalogue?
The 10 commandments
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Define democratic process
The ways which all citizens take part in government (usually through elections)
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Define electoral process
The ways which voting is organised
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What is the Golden Rule?
The teaching of Jesus that you should do to others as you would want them to do to you
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What is meant by human rights?
The rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled
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What is a political party?
A group of people that try to get elected to power bases on their policies
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What is pressure group?
A group of people that try to influence government decisions regarding a particular issue
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What is situation ethics?
The Christian belief that Christians should base decisions on what the most loving thing to do is
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What is social change?
The way society is, has and will continue to change and develop
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What is Artificial Insemination (AI)?
The injecting of sperm into the uterus by artificial means
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What is conservation?
Protecting and preserving resources and the environment sustainably
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What is creation?
The act of making the universe
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Define embryo
A fertilised egg, up to 8 weeks after conception
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What is the environment?
The surroundings in which plants and animals live on - they depend on this to survive
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What is global warming?
The temperature on earth increasing because of the greenhouse effect
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What is infertility?
The inability to have children
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Define IVF
In-Vitro Fertilisation is fertilising an egg in a test tube (In-Vitro = in glass)
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What are natural resources?
Naturally occurring materials, such as oil, that can be used by humans
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What is organ donation?
Giving organs to be used in transplant surgery
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What is stewardship?
Looking after something so it can be passed to the next generation. Christians should do this with the environment
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What is surrogacy?
When a woman bears a child on behalf of another woman/homosexual couple
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What is aggression?
Attacking without being provoked
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What is bullying?
Intimidation people weaker than yourself
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What is conflict resolution?
Bringing a fight/struggle to a peaceful conclusion
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What is exploitation?
Taking advantage of somebody weaker than you
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What is forgiveness?
Stopping blaming someone and pardoning them for what hey have done
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What is a just war?
A war fought in the right way, for the right reasons (set out by St Thomas Aquinas)
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What is pacifism?
A belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means and war should be avoided
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Define reconciliation
Bringing people who were opposed back to a harmonious equilibrium in their relationship
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What is the UN?
The United Nations are a body of countries that promote world peace
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What are weapons of mass destruction?
Weapons that can destroy large areas and numbers of people. E.g. nuclear bombs
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What is world peace?
The ending of all wars in the world (the main aim of the UN)
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What is addiction?
A recurring compulsion to engage in an activity, regardless of its bad effects
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What is capital punishment?
The death penalty as a result of a crime
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Define crime
An act against the law
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Define reform
The idea that punishment should try to change criminals so that they will not commit a crime again
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What is deterrence?
The idea that punishments should be of a nature that will put potential criminals off
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What is judgement?
The act of judging people based on their action
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What is justice?
The due allocation of reward and punishment. The maintenance of what is right
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What is law?
Rules made by parliament and enforceable by courts
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What is rehabilitation?
The restore to a state of normal life
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What is responsibility?
Being responsible for your own actions
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Define sin
An act against the will of God
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Define retribution
The idea that punishment should make criminals pay for what they have done
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Card 2


Define church


The Christian place of worship

Card 3


Define Church


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Card 4


Define conscience


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Card 5


What is the Decalogue?


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