Religious Studies- CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

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  • Created by: harj_xx
  • Created on: 05-05-16 21:59
Christian attitudes towards crime.
1) Most Christians believe "a man reaps what he sows". Criminals should be punished but forgiven and given a second chance. British state law is based upon a few of the 10 commandments, i.e. Thou shalt not kill
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Muslim attitudes towards crime.
Believe in the importance of law and order. Many Islamic countries use the Shariah law as their state law, and as it is based upon the teachings of the Qur'an, it is considered the word of Allah.
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Sikh attitudes towards crime
Sikhs recognise the importance of keeping the law, especially of the country they live in. The consequence of criminal activity is the result of bad karma
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Causes of crime [3 with 2 examples]
a) Social reasons: feeling of neglect/isolation, drug/gambling/alcohol addictions can result in crime. b) Psychological reasons: human nature is naturally selfish and greedy, violence on T.V. and games, c) Environmental: recession, gang rivalry,
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What is CRIME AGAINST PROPERTY?
damaging items that belong to someone else, e.g. vandalism
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What is CRIME AGAINST PERSON?
wrongdoings that directly harm another person, e.g. murder, ****
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What is CRIME AGAINST THE STATE?
an offence aimed at the government or a country, e.g. treason, terrorism
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What is a RELIGIOUS OFFENCE?
an offence against a religion, e.g. sacrilege, blasphemy
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Which aims of punishment do Christians believe in?
Reformation (forgiveness and second chances --> Jesus's teachings), Some Christians who believe in the Old Testament may believe in the "eye for an eye, burn for a burn" teaching : Reparations
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Which aims of punishment do Muslims believe in?
Deterrence (strict punishments, i.e. hands can be cut off as punishment for theft), Vindication (the state law in many Islamic countries is based on the Shariah law, and thus must be respected, as it is the based upon the Qur'an, the word of Allah)
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Which aims of punishment do Sikhs believe in?
Reformation (forgiveness and punishment is given so that the offender realises their mistake and can repent), Protection (dangerous criminals mean society needs protection from them)
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Christian teachings [2]
"If your brother sins, rebuke him, if he repents, forgive him", "you have heard it said, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, but I have come to teach another way"
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Muslim teachings [3]
"Thieves should be made an example of", Only Allah can forgive, "If a man is slain unjustly, their heir shall be entitled to satisfaction"
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Sikh teachings [3]
God will judge those who have not followed the law, "Do not turn around and strike those who strike you with their fists. Kiss their feet and return home" Adi Granth, Capital punishment was never made legal even when Sikhs were able to make a nation
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What are young offenders?
A young offender is a person under the age of 18 who has broken the law
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Name the three institutions where young offenders can go:
Secure training centres (focus on education and rehabilitation), Secure children's home (focus on the physical, emotional and behavioural needs), Young offender's institutions (run by Prison Service)
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Advantages of prison: [5]
1) Protection, from dangerous criminals 2) Retribution, isolate those who deserve punishment 3) No opportunity for criminals to commit crime, 4) Deterrence and Vindication 5) Reformation, chance to reflect and decide to reform
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Disadvantages of prison: [6]
1) Expensive, costs taxpayer≈£30,000 2) Known as "schools for crime" 3) Feelings of resentment, bitterness build up 4) Prisoners still reoffend, X reformation, 5) Criminal record=harder to get job, leads to more crime, 6) Relationships often break
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What is prison reform?
a movement that tries to ensure offenders are treated humanely in prison. Christians have been actively involved with Prison Reform= Elizabeth Fry a member of Quakers is well-known for improving the conditions in Newgate women's prison.
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Prison Reform: Christianity
C) Use the sheep and the goats parable:"..When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you? The King will reply, ‘Truly I tell you, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers and sisters of mine, you did for me.’
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Prison Reform: Islam
Muslim chaplains regularly visit inmates and help the families of the prisoners
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Prison Reform: Sikhism
Sikhs in the past have demanded reform, because in many countries they have been forced to cut their hair and have not been allowed to wear turbans
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What is Capital Punishment?
death penalty; form of punishment in which a prisoner is put to death for crimes committed
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Arguments for Capital Punishment: [4]
a) Retribution, "a life for a life" b) Deterrence, they will die if they are caught c) Protection, life imprisonment:people are let out after about 15 years d) Finance, expensive to keep murderers alive in prison
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Arguments against Capital Punishment: [5]
a) Mistakes b) Deterrence, no evidence it's better than life imprisonment c) Reformation, reformed criminals can be a big influence for good d) Right, only God has the right to end a person's life
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Christian beliefs on Capital Punishment
"Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed"- it will be a human who kills the man who killed another human. HOWEVER it removes the possibility of repentance
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Muslim beliefs on Capital Punishment
Death penalty is available for the crime of murder and blasphemy, in Islamic countries. "If anyone is killed unjustly, their heir will be entitled to satisfaction"
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Sikh beliefs on Capital Punishment
When Sikhs were able to build an independent nation, time of Ranjit Singh, capital punishment was not allowed. They believe a civilised society should not descend to the level of the murderer by taking revenge. Killing an innocent is irreversible
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Believe in the importance of law and order. Many Islamic countries use the Shariah law as their state law, and as it is based upon the teachings of the Qur'an, it is considered the word of Allah.

Back

Muslim attitudes towards crime.

Card 3

Front

Sikhs recognise the importance of keeping the law, especially of the country they live in. The consequence of criminal activity is the result of bad karma

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a) Social reasons: feeling of neglect/isolation, drug/gambling/alcohol addictions can result in crime. b) Psychological reasons: human nature is naturally selfish and greedy, violence on T.V. and games, c) Environmental: recession, gang rivalry,

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

damaging items that belong to someone else, e.g. vandalism

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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