religious language 20th centruy philosophers

define logical positivism
a movement: claiming that assertions have to be empirically tested if they are to be meaningful
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define cognitive
factual quality - words are labels for things in this world
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define non-cognitive
not having factual quality-words are tools to achieve something rather than labels for things
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defne empirical
available to be experienced by the senses
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define falsification
providing evidence to determine something is false
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define demythologising
removing mythical elements from narrative to expose the central message
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who was the main logical positivist
A J ayer
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what did he propose
a series of tests to judge the meaningfulness of language
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what are the two ways that words or phrases might mean something
denotation and connotation
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what does denotation mean
word stands for soemthing: e.g. window, its a area of glass on the wall (literal) which can be taken at face value
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what does a connotation mean
when a word carries associations with it: window, e.g. carry associations of oppurtunity, finding space in a busy period.
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what is a problem for connotation
it can be interpreted in ways that the speaker didn't intended, different in different contexts.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


define cognitive


factual quality - words are labels for things in this world

Card 3


define non-cognitive


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


defne empirical


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


define falsification


Preview of the front of card 5
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