Religious Experience

What does William James believe?
Religious experience was more important than focusing on a study of religious institutions i.e. the church as these were examples of secondary religion
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What are James' four criteria?
Ineffable-experience beyond description. Noetic- knowledge of God which can't be explained through reason. Transient- the experience is short. Passivity- we contribute nothing to the experience.
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What does Richard Swiburne say?
The principle of credulity and principle of testimony
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What is the principle of credulity?
Swinburne's principle that people should be believed unless we have good reason not to.
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What is principle of testimony?
Swinburne's principle that people in general are truthful.
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What is a corporate religious experience?
An experience shared by a group, such as the Toronto blessing.
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What is a personal religious experience?
Includes mystical experiences- an experience of something transcendent beyond awareness.
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What does Rudolf Otto contribute?
Numinous- description given by otto to any experience of God which transcends to the everyday.
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What did Otto mean by Wholly other?
It was the name given to transcendent nature found in mystical experiences, quite unlike any other.
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What does Otto mean by Mysterium tremendum et fascinas
His description of mystical experiences- as mystical and seductive.
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Who was Teresa of Avila?
She had an experience which changed her life. She had visions of God.
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What is conversion experience?
An experience that happens when a person alters their way of life from one religion to a different one.
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What is an example of a conversion experience?
St Paul- chucked off his horse and heard voices saying "why do you persecute the christians?"
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What are some objections to religious experiences?
We cannot know the content of an experience someone else had. The victim could be misinterpreting. Easy to assume. Some people may be mistaken.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are James' four criteria?

Back

Ineffable-experience beyond description. Noetic- knowledge of God which can't be explained through reason. Transient- the experience is short. Passivity- we contribute nothing to the experience.

Card 3

Front

What does Richard Swiburne say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the principle of credulity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is principle of testimony?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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