Religious Attitudes to Matters of Life Key Terms

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Morality
System of ethics about what is right or wrong
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Ethics
Theory relating to morality
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Absolute Morality
What is morally right and wrong applies to all circumstances, at all times
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Relative Morality
What is morally right or wrong in any situation depends on its particular circumstances
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Sanctity of Life
Life is sacred because it is God-given
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Value of Life
Value of a person over and above physical value
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Quality of Life
Measure of fulfilment
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Fertility Treatment
Medical procedure to assist an infertile couple to have a child
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In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
Scientific method of making a woman pregnant, which does not involve sex. Conception occurs via sperm and egg being placed in a test tube
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Test Tube Baby
Term used for a baby created outside of the woman's body
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Artificial Insemination
Sperm medically inserted into the ****** to assist pregnancy
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Artificial Insemination by Husband (AIH)
When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of her husband, but not through having sexaul relations with him
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Artificial Insemination by Donor (AID)
When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of a man other than her partner, but not through having sexual relations with him
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Sexual Intercourse
Sexual activity involving more than one person, for reasons of procreation or pleasure
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Transplant Surgery
When someone else's organs are put into a patient
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Blood Transfusion
When a patient is given extra blood as part of an operation
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Human Genetic Engineering
Modification of gene make-up to change the features of a human
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Embryology
Study of embryos
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Embryo
Fertilised ovum at about 12-14 days when implanted into the wall of the womb
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Designer Babies
Babies with gender characteristics chosen by their parents, which is currently illegal
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Stem Cell
Cell, most often from a 4-5 day-old embryo, whose role in the body is yet to be determined
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Saviour Siblings
Sibling (brother or sister), genetically compatible with a sick child is implanted and born to use stem cells to treat the sick child
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Cloning
Scientific method by which animals or plants can be created which have exactly the same genetic make-up as the original, because the DNA of the original is used
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Human-Animal Hybrid Embryo
Embryo made from human DNA and animal eggs for purpose of experimentation
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Human Experimentation
Testing products, usually medicines, on paid human volunteers
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Conception
Moment the sperm fertilises the egg
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Quickening
First detectable movements of the foetus
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Ensoulment
Belief that at one moment the foetus receives a soul (some believe it doesn't)
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Viable
Point at which a foetus could survive if it were to be born
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Theory relating to morality

Back

Ethics

Card 3

Front

What is morally right and wrong applies to all circumstances, at all times

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is morally right or wrong in any situation depends on its particular circumstances

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Life is sacred because it is God-given

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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