Religious Attitudes to Matters of Life

Morality
A system of ethics about what is right or wrong.
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Ethics
The theory relating to morality.
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Absolute morality
What is morally right and wrong applies to all circumstances, at all time.
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Relative Morality
What is morally right or wrong in any situation depends upon its particular circumstances.
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Sanctity of life
Life is sacred because it is God-given
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Value of life
The value of a person over and above physical value
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Quality of life
A measure of fulfillment
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Fertility treatment
Medical procedure to assist an infertile couple to have a child
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In vitro fertilisation (IVF)
A scientific method of making a women pregnant, which does not involve sex. Conception occurs via sperm and egg being placed into a test tube.
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Test-tube baby
Term used for a bay created outside of the woman's body
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Artificial insemination
Sperm medically inserted into the vagina to assist pregnancy
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Surrogacy
Women's egg fertilised artificially by another woman's partner
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Artificial insemination by husband (AIH)
When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of her husband, but not through having sexual relations with him
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Artificial insemination by donor (AID or DI)
When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of a man other than her partner, but not through having sexual relations with him
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Sexual intercourse
Sexual activity involving more than one person for reasons of procreation or pleasure
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Transplant surgery
When someone else's organs are put into a patient
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Blood transfusion
When a patient is given extra blood as part of an operation
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Stem cell
A cell, most often taken from a 4-5 day old embryo, whose role in the body is not yet determined
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Saviour Sibling
A sibling (Brother or sister) genetically compatible with a sick child is implanted and born to use stem cells to treat the sick child
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Cloning
The scientific method by which animals or plants can be created which have exactly the same genetic makeup as the original becuase the DNA and animal eggs for purpose of experimentation
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Human-animal hybrid embryo
An embryo made from human DNA and animal eggs for purpose of experimentation
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Human experimentation
Testing products usually medicines on paid human volunteers
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Conception
The moment the sperm fertilises the egg.
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Quickening:
The first detectable movements of the foetus
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Ensoulment
The belief that at one moment the foetus receives a soul (120 days muslims belief)
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Viable
The point at which a foetus could survive if it were to be born
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The theory relating to morality.

Back

Ethics

Card 3

Front

What is morally right and wrong applies to all circumstances, at all time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is morally right or wrong in any situation depends upon its particular circumstances.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Life is sacred because it is God-given

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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