Religious Attitudes to Crime and Punishment Glossary

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Crime
Offence that is punishable by law (for example stealing)
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Duty
Moral or legal obligation
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Responsibility
Duty to care for having control over something or someone
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Conscience
Inner feeling you are doing right or wrong
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Crime Against the Person
Wrong-doing that directly harms a person (for example murder, assault, etc)
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Crime Against Property
Damaging items that being to somebody else (for example vandalism)
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Crime Against the State
Offence aimed at damaging the government or a country (for example treason)
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Punishment
Something done to a person because they have broken the law
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Protection
Keeping the public from being harmed, threatened or injured by criminals
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Retribution
Aim of punishment- to get your own back: "an eye for an eye"
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Deterrence
Aim of punishment- to put people off committing crimes
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Reform
Aim of punishment- to change someone's behaviour for the better
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Vindication
Aim of punishment that means offenders must be punished to show that the law must be respected and is right
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Reparation
Aim of punishment designed to help an offender to put something back into society
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Forgiveness
Showing grace and mercy and pardoning someone for what they have done wrong
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Repentance
Being truly sorry and trying to change one's behaviour so as not to do the same again
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Young Offender
Person under 18 who has broken the law
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Imprisonment
When a person is put in jail for committing a crime
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Prison Reform
Movement that tries to ensure offenders are treated humanely in prison
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Death Penalty
Capital punishment; form of punishment in which a prisoner is put to death for crimes committed
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Community Service
Unpaid work that an offender performs for the benefit of the local community rather than going to prison
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Electronic Tagging
Offender has to wear an electronic device which tracks their movement to ensure restrictions of movement are observed
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Fine
Money paid as a punishment for a crime or other offence
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Probation
Alternative to prison where an offender has to meet regularly with a probation officer to make sure they do not re-offend. Movement may be restricted
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Parole
When a prisoner is released without having completed their sentence, because they have behaved well and accepted their guilt. The prisoner is monitored to try to ensure that they do not re-offend
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Life Imprisonment
Prison sentence that (theoretically) keeps people in prison until they die
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Early Release
When a prisoner is allowed out of prison even though they have not completed their sentence, or fulfilled the criteria for getting parole
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Moral or legal obligation

Back

Duty

Card 3

Front

Duty to care for having control over something or someone

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Inner feeling you are doing right or wrong

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Wrong-doing that directly harms a person (for example murder, assault, etc)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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