Religion, War and Peace

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What is peace?
Absence of war. Harmony between people and nations.
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What is justice?
What is fair and right.
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What are the 3 types of war?
War between nations. Civil war. War against terrorism.
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What are the causes of war?
Defence against an invader. Defence of religion or a way of life. Defence of a weaker nation. To gain land or resources. To remove an unjust leader. To end injustice e.g. genocide.
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How are wars fought?
Conventionally - military personnel and regular weapons. Weapons of mass destruction - nuclear, biological, chemical, radiological.
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What are the effects of war?
Victims - killed, maimed, orphaned, refugeed. Soldiers - killed, traumatised, desensitised. Environment - destruction of landscape, hazardous areas. Economy - loss of farming and industry, cost of rebuilding.
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What rules must a Just War fulfil?
Be controlled by a just authority. Have a just cause. Have a clear aim to promote good over evil. Be a last resort. Be winnable. Be conducted fairly. Have a good outcome. End when the aim is met.
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What rules must a Holy War fulfil?
Fought for God or faith. A last resort. Conducted fairly. For the protection of civilians and the landscape. For the restoration of justice and peace. The war ends when the aim is met.
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What are the reasons for nuclear proliferation?
Nuclear weapons are a deterrent to maintain peace. If all countries have WMDs, all countries are equal. Retaliation would do more damage so their use is less likely.
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What are the reasons for nuclear disarmamemt?
Proliferation makes their use more likely, There is no moral justification for their use. It's a waste of valuable resources to make them. The money spent could be better used for peaceful means. It encourages others to have them.
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What is terrorism?
The use of violence to create fear. Non-democratic targeting of civilians and civilian areas. Used to promote minority views, often fundamentalist.
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What support is there for victims of war?
The Red Cross and Red Crescent give humanitarian aid (such as food, medical care, shelter or protection from attack) and support when conflict ends (for example rebuilding, locating lost family members and caring for orphans)
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What do peacekeeping forces do?
The United Nations or NATO protect human rights in conflict zones, use international pressure (such as sanctions) to end human rights abuses, and use military forces ti implement peace agreements, monitor elections, conduct disarmament etc.
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What are pacifists?
They oppose all violence and war, instead believing that peace can be achieved using non-violent methods. They can often be conscientious objectors who refuse to participate directly in fighting wars, on the grounds of conscience.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is justice?

Back

What is fair and right.

Card 3

Front

What are the 3 types of war?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the causes of war?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How are wars fought?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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