Religion Exam 2

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What is Deism?
The belief that God created the world (as stated in the Genesis Account) and then took no further part
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What is meant by God of Gaps?
God is used to explain what science cannot. Scientists believe that they can explain all the workings of the universe without making reference to God.
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What is the Fundamentalist view?
God created the world and the Genesis Account is the direct word of God
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What is the non-literal view?
God created the world but the Genesis Account is not the direct word of God and is instead a myth with a message written so people of the time could understand.
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Who is Nicholas Copernicus?
An astronomer, who during the 18th century, discovered the sun was at the centre not the Earth during the cosmological revolution
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Who is David Hume?
An 18th century philosopher who doubted miracles because: witnesses are uneducated and don't understand science, there is a lack of evidence, witnesses are unreliable and religions depend on miracles
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What were David Hume's arguments?
Witnesses are often un-educated and lack scientific knowledge, there is a lack of evidence unlike the laws of nature which there is evidence of, witnesses are unreliable and biased and religions depend too much on religion
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What are the arguments against David Hume?
Miracles are reported world-wide by good educated people, miracles support religions but they don't rely on them and not all miracles are accepted easily
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Describe the Angel of Mons miracle
During WW1, the Battle of Mons was occurring and 3 angels appeared to protect the British army. Given hope and survived
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What is Dualism?
Belief in 2 basic natures, physical and spiritual. A non-substance soul separates from the body at death and goes to an after-life
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What is materialism?
No soul, person dies with body when brain-activity stops
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What is the Quantum Mechanics theory?
Shows scientists cannot be totally confident in establishing facts, hence why religion is needed
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What does believing in evolution mean?
Science and religion have separated and the world has become secular . Humans here by random chance so life has no purpose other than reproducing. Free-will to decide own purpose
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What does believing in being created mean?
Human life is special and has a purpose. Must protect life so make decisions that will protect it.
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How has religion adapted to the modern world?
Using science to support their beliefs. Islam teaches God requires seeking new knowledge
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Benefits of religion in the modern world?
People have spiritual needs and research shows religious beliefs reduce stress
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Why do some scientists think that religion has a place in the modern world?
They turn to religion for answers
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What is a scientific truth?
An often evolving truth that relies on experiments and hypothesis. Answers how questions e.g. Darwin proposed the theory of evolution after researching the natural world
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Give reasons why the Genesis Account and evolution are compatiable
Non-literal view if Genesis taken as a myth, both end with humans, genesis could be over a longer time-frame
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Give reasons why the Genesis Account and evolution are not compatiable
Atheists = no God Fundamentalists take Genesis literally
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How reliable is the source of authority?
Bible = absolute/evolving Science = evolving e.g. cosmological revolution Main source is you and what you believe so subjective
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Give reasons why science and religion can agree
Some scientists believe God is behind scientific laws, religious believers can adapt their interpretation of scriptures e.g. Big Bang part of God's plan and Islam encourages scientific research.
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Why don't fundamentalists think science and religion can agree?
Don't believe in evolution as gaps in the fossil records, humans have a soul unlike animals and are created in the image of God
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Do Christians with a non-literal view believe in evolution or Genesis?
Both, evolution part of God's plan
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Who is Charles Darwin?
Scientist who came up with the theory of evolution. Genes, variation, offspring, organisms, inherit, survive, enironment
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is meant by God of Gaps?

Back

God is used to explain what science cannot. Scientists believe that they can explain all the workings of the universe without making reference to God.

Card 3

Front

What is the Fundamentalist view?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the non-literal view?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who is Nicholas Copernicus?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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