Religion and TV- Fundamentalism

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What is Fundamentalism?
A conservative world view that highlights what is regarded as essential truths of a traditional faith and applies them with fervour to the contemporay situation.
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What does it seek to promote?
what is regarded as 'The Truth' on a pluralistic and complex world.
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What are the origins of the term fundamentalism?
roots back to the mid 18th century whne british and american christian preachers delivered powerful sermons desribing the horrors of hell based on a literal understanding of the biblical text.
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When did the term 'fundamentalism' first emerge?
The 1920's to desribe American Protestant Christians who affirmed certain beliefs as the 'fundamentals' of faith
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Fundamentalists were those who what?
accepted the Fundamentals
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Causes of fundamentalism
The percieved threat to religious belief was three fold- 1. textual critisism of sacred writings 2. general acceptance of scientific explanatons of life 3. increasing influence of secuar authority
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Textual Critisism
New methods of textual analysis of the bible became common. Repititions, apparent inconsistencies, alleged contradictions and different writing styles within the same document were discovered.
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As a result.....
strong doubts were expressed about previously accepted traditions. Textual critism of the new testament, as hard for some christians to accept.
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What was the reaction of some of the christians who felt threatened by such liberal ideas?
To reject al scholary critisism of the Bible. Threat came from both inside and out of their religion as some christians accepted it.
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Scientific explanations
One of the threats to religious belierf in the minds of christian fundamentalists was the rise of evolutionary thinking. This began with the publication of Charles Darwin's 'The origins and species' in 1859
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What does Charles Darwins's theory of religion undermine?
The 6000 year old world and a six day creation
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What was the reaction of Fundamentalists?
To reject any scientifc theories or discoveries which seemed to conflict with statements in the stories in the early chapters of the Book of Genesis. SCOPES TRAIL - JOHN SCOPES TRIAL AND PROSECUTED FOR TEACHING EVOLUTION
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Secular Authority
Religion played a significant/dominant role in the government of many nations until about 150 years ago. With the emergence of new scientific and rational ieas, as well as nee politicsal ideaologies such as Marxism, that role lessened considerably.
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Chnages in society have made religious believers feel, what?
not only axious an bewildered but insecure and threatened
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what was the main issue for Jewish and Muslim fundamentalists?
more about societies values rather than about sacred writings.
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What is fundamentalism a repsonse to?
anxieties that society tolerates ways and beliefs which are radically different from those understood by religious believers to be God-Given.
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What are the 9 characteristics of fundamentalsim?
SEPARATED! 1. Science 2. Elect 3. Patriarchy 4. Authoritarian 5. Reaction to modernity 6. Apocalyptic 7. Texts 8. Ethically Conservative 9. Dualism
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1. Science
Rejection fo scientific views when the conlict with scared texts, even though fundamentalists use technology to promote their message
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2. Elect
The believe that they are part of the spiritual elite, and that they are chosen by God for a certain mission, they think that this justifys their violence
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3. Patriarchy
Men and women are different, men are superior to women, as ordered by God
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4. Authoritarian
Blind obedience to authority as opposed to individual freedom and conscience. Obedience to the teachings or sacred texts or leaders
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5. Reaction to modernity
Fundamentalism is seen as a reaction to the same modern world. They see themselves as superior and separate to society
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7. Apocalyptic
This world will end and God, the ultimate being, will prevail!
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8. Texts
Sacred writings are regareded as having divine origin and are true and accrate in every respect
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9. Ethically Conservative
Moral commandments of religious texts and traditions are seen as binding for all time. Conservative moral tradition-opposing homosexuality and abortion
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9. Dualism
World view that there is a clear division between good and evil, and right and wrong
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Strengths of Fundamentalism?
Most fundamentalists are law-abiding and peaceful people and militant extremists are a small minority, stong convictions, unshakeable faith and great courage. They have as strong sense of community and strict morality
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Weaknesses of Fundamentalism?
Some fundamentalists can be intolerant and arrogant, lackign warmth and compassion for those who do not share their beliefs. They often see things in black and white terms. Its is usually patriarchal and misogynist.
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How is the intolerance usually expressed?
In militant form, fundamentalists are prepared to turn to violent action in order to defend what they regard as 'the truth'.
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What does it seek to promote?


what is regarded as 'The Truth' on a pluralistic and complex world.

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What are the origins of the term fundamentalism?


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Card 4


When did the term 'fundamentalism' first emerge?


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Card 5


Fundamentalists were those who what?


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