Religion and Society in The Medieval West

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Which religion was the most important between 900 and 1200AD?
Christianity
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Who originally taught the concept of 'original sin'?
St Augustine of Hippo
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What is 'Actual Sin'?
Personal Sin (inevitable)
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What means that we are controlled by Satan's demons?
Bodily Defectiveness
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In which period were all demons good?
Late Hellenistic
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What did Satan's demons cause?
Odour, Disease, Natural Disaster
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Why did Jesus create the Church?
Retrieve us from sin through moral guidance and sacrements
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Why was infant baptism so high?
High infant mortality rates
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Who argued that 'Baptism was as involuntary as birth'?
Southern
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What was the term for leaving Christianity for another reliion?
Apostasy
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Why did Christianity tolerate Judaism?
Financial Reasons
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What did Aquinas say about heresy?
It was 'punishable by death'
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Why was Christianity so popular?
Instability, PoE+S, Shared bleak view
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Who were the professional religious and what set them apart?
Archishop - Scarf, Bishop - Pectoral Cross, Clergy
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What vow did monks and nuns take?
Three-fold - poverty, chastity, obedience
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What limited the effectiveness of the clergy?
Lack of education, people chose not to go, size of parishes, instability, lack of synods
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Why were the Church forced to reform by the leity?
Resistance to restraint e.g. feast days, Leity relied on quality of prayer
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Why was the Church not a coherent organisation?
People took what they wanted from religious teachings
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2 points from Zacour
influence of Christianity always evident, clergy often inefficient
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3 points from Hamilton
Many forcibly converted, Popes with lots of influence 'exceptional', convents the only centres of female education
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2 points from de Jong
Christian time impinges on people's lives, alienation of jews & heretics = union
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Card 2

Front

Who originally taught the concept of 'original sin'?

Back

St Augustine of Hippo

Card 3

Front

What is 'Actual Sin'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What means that we are controlled by Satan's demons?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

In which period were all demons good?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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