Religion and Science

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Background Microwave Radiation
faint microwave radiation that penetrates space throughout the universe, shown to be a residual effect of the Big Bang
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Big Bang Theory
theory that the universe was created about 13.7 billion years ago by a massive expansion
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Common ancestry
theory that all life on earth emerged from a common ancestor; over an immense period of time this simple life form mutated into the diverse forms of life we see today
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Cosmology
the study of the universe and its origins
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Creatio ex nihilo
Christian belief that God created everything from nothing, rather than from materials that already existed
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Creation
belief that the universe was deliberately made by a higher being, according to a set plan Leads to belief in a Creator, for most modern believers this is God
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Creationists
Those who believe that God created the world, the term is usually used for those who believe that Genesis is a correct account of creation
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Young earth creationists
believe that Genesis is literally true and creation happened c6000 years ago
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Old earth creationists
believe that God's creation could have taken place over 7 stages over a much longer period of time
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Dominion
belief that God gave humans control over the earth and its resources (including animals)
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Charles Darwin
English naturalist who wrote 'On the Origin of Species' - not the first to propose evolutionary theory but his theory identified natural selection as the mechanism of evolution. First to introduce idea of common ancestry of species
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DNA
contains genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms DNA analysis allows us to prove common ancestry
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Evolution theory
theory that groups of organisms change with passage of time, mainly as a result of natural selection, so that descendants differ from their ancestors; ultimately, the theory that all current life forms developed in stages from a single cell
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Genesis
first book of the Christian Bible and the Jewish Torah; tells the story of creation and the early history of the Jewish people
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Imago Dei
'The image of God' . Christian belief that humans, unlike the rest of Creation, are made in God's image. For many Christians this means that we uniquely have a soul
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Intelligent Design
theory that certain features of the universe are best explained by the existence of an intelligent cause
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Myth
a story that may not be factually true but communicates deep truths about a society's beliefs. An ancient way of passing on key beliefs
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Natural selection
tiny differences & genetic mutations between creatures of the same species can make one individual slightly better suited to their environment than others so it survives longer and has more offspring who inherit that trait ('survival of the fittest')
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Steward
Someone who is responsible for resources; a guardian of things that do not directly belong to them
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Vivisection
Testing & experimentation on animals
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Yom
Hebrew for 'day', used in Genesis. Can also mean 'age', 'period', 'stage' or 'era' and is used to mean all those things in Genesis and elsewhere in the Old Testament
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Card 2

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theory that the universe was created about 13.7 billion years ago by a massive expansion

Back

Big Bang Theory

Card 3

Front

theory that all life on earth emerged from a common ancestor; over an immense period of time this simple life form mutated into the diverse forms of life we see today

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the study of the universe and its origins

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Christian belief that God created everything from nothing, rather than from materials that already existed

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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