Religion and Early Life

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Development of a baby:
Conception> week 1 (embryo attaches to womb)> week 6 (heart starts beating)> week 10 (distinguish gender)> 26 weeks (baby opens eyes)> 30 weeks (would survive with special care if born)> 38 weeks (baby is born)
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Stages of development:
Fertilisation> implantation> primitive streak(anatomical feature)> movement/heartbeat> viability> birth
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Definition of abortion:
Deliberate expulsion of the foetus from the womb to terminate pregnancy.
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Against abortion and sanctity of life arguments:
All life has value and is sacred, special, precious and a gift from God. All life has potential and should have a chance. Abortion is murder. Children are a blessing. Miracle of life.
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Quality of life definition and examples:
Quality of life refers to how good or bad someone's life is. Good quality life is more important than living in pain or suffering. Child with severe disability would live in pain & suffer. Poverty stricken family can't provide for good quality lives.
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Arguments for abortion:
Dangerous abortions would occur if made illegal. Women should have right to choose. Women's health outweighs baby's health. Humane way to help **** victims. Saves unwanted children being born.
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Pro-choice definition:
The term used for the arguments that defend a woman's right to choose what happens.
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Pro-choice arguments:
Women should have rights. Help **** victims. Prevent damaged foetus' leading poor quality lives. No abortion may put woman's life at risk. Dangerous abortions would occur should abortion be illegal.
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Abortion and the law:
1967 Abortion Act- abortion made legal. Two doctors must agree; woman's mental/physical health at risk, foetus will be born with physical/mental damage, existing children at risk. 1990 Human Fertilisation & Embryology Act- upper time limit 24 weeks.
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Buddhist teachings and beliefs FOR abortion:
"Right intention", "Right action". (helping a **** victim). Can lead to less suffering- Compassion.
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Buddhist teachings and beliefs AGAINST abortion:
"Avoid taking life". Abortion removes foetus' chance to pay back bad karma. Foetus is stuck in cycle of rebirth.
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Christian teachings and beliefs FOR abortion:
Necessary evil (help a **** victim).
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Christian teachings AGAINST abortion:
"Do not kill your children by abortion" (Didache). "You shall not murder". "I, your God, give life, and only I take it away". "You knit me together in my mother's womb". "Go forth and multiply". "Do not kill".
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Christian beliefs against abortion:
Life is sacred. Equality. Justice. Agape. Judgment day. God planned life.
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Kantian ethics:
Answers found through reason. Humans should not be used as 'a means to an end'. Intrinsic good (instinct) & instrumental good (giving to recieve).
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Utilitarianism:
"Greatest happiness for the greatest number". Best consequence. Pleasure over pain.
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Situation ethics:
Agape. The law of love. Do whatever is most loving in a situation.
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Rights of those involved:
Father= no rights. Unborn child= no rights, some argue because it is a potential life they should have rights. Mother= have last say, make final decision.
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Alternatives to abortion:
Keeping the child, adoption & fostering.
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Abortion Rights:
(National pro-choice campaign). Protect & extend women's rights to choose abortion. Try to stop attempts at lowering abortion time limit. Advice and support for pregnant women.
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Pro-life:
Alliance from young voters. Life becomes human life at conception. Abortion should NOT be allowed (unless for ****/incest).
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What is meant by 'miracle of life' and 'blessing'?
Miracle -The idea that becoming pregnant is so special it's a miracle. Blessing- a child can be seen as a gift from God to the parents.
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Islam views and teachings FOR abortion:
Necessary evil. Soul enters foetus at 40 days or 120 days so before then it is just blood and cells. Woman's life is more important.
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Islam views and teachings AGAINST abortion:
It destroys Allah's plans for life. Allah decides the time of our birth and death.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Stages of development:

Back

Fertilisation> implantation> primitive streak(anatomical feature)> movement/heartbeat> viability> birth

Card 3

Front

Definition of abortion:

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Against abortion and sanctity of life arguments:

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Quality of life definition and examples:

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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