Religion Glossary and Beliefs Key Terms

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  • Created by: Tayabah01
  • Created on: 09-09-16 18:56
Kendal Project (2000)
2 yr study of Kendall to see how traditional religion declined and how spirituality grown - Heelas & Woodhead
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Latent
When something is hidden but may emerge in the future
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Legitimation
Process by which power and control by dominant social group justified through religion
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Liberation Theology
Movement emerged within Catholic Church in Latin America in 1960's - strong commitment to poor and opposition to military dictatorships
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Liberation Theology
Religious doctrines used to bring about social freedom for oppressed groups
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Manifest Function
Intended purpose of something
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Marginality
Wallis - reason why people join sects - isolated from society, sects draw poor members, tend to arise in groups marginal in society
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Materialism
Marxist - ideas alone not enough to bring about social change, material circumstances must be developed for it to occur
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Mechanical solidarity
Durkheim - pre industrial societies where community more important than individual
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Meta narrative
Postmodernists dont believe this exists - no universal truth out there
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Metaphysical realm
Refers to spiritual world - realm beyond physical world, cannot be observed or measured
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Metaphysical stage
Religious beliefs would be weakened and philosophy would become more important
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Modenarian
These groups expect God's intervention to change worlds
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Modernity
Describes modern world - industrialization and urbanization
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Modernity
Modern times referring to period where science and enlightment period predominate
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Multi culturalism
Promotion of cultural diversity - celebrating aspects of ethnic minority culture
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Mysticism
Belief that personal communicate with divine achieved by intuition rather than rational thought
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Myths
Similar to ideology - but beliefs cannot be substantiated
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New Age
Collective term used to describe religion or quasi religion focuses on alternative issues like medicine
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New Age Movements
Broad movement compromising of different beliefs such as dowsing, ecology - radical beliefs emerged in the 1980's/1990s - some gone mainstreM
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New Religious Movements
Sects and cults (broader term)
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Opium of the masses
Marx's description of religion - metaphor suggests way in which social and economic religion distorted by reality
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Paradigm
Theoretical framework of how society works
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Patriarchal ideology
Systematic set of ideas promoting male dominance
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Pick 'n' mix culture
Individuals may pick up different elements from different aspects of society - religion one people may adopt
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Plausibility Structure
Universe of meaning requires a plausibility structure if a belief system to be sustained
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Plurality of religions
Variety of religions reminds individuals their beliefs are a personal preference
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Positive Stage
Religious beliefs would disappear and science alone would dominate human behaviour and mind
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Postmodernism/Postmodernity
Societies have began to move to ore scientific rationality - we have transcended modern times but lost our faith in science
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Predestination
Idea that peoples destination after death predetermined by God - Calvinists
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Profane
Opposite of sacred - refers to ordinary things
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Protestant Ethic
People prechosen as to whether they go heaven or not - believed by followers of Calvin - good deeds did not obtain place in heaven
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Card 2

Front

When something is hidden but may emerge in the future

Back

Latent

Card 3

Front

Process by which power and control by dominant social group justified through religion

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Movement emerged within Catholic Church in Latin America in 1960's - strong commitment to poor and opposition to military dictatorships

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Religious doctrines used to bring about social freedom for oppressed groups

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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