Religion glossary and beliefs

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  • Created by: Tayabah01
  • Created on: 08-09-16 18:45
Adventist Sect
Await second coming of Christ, will judge humanity and establish world order
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Ascetic
Lifestyle of self denial and discipline - monks
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Audience Cult
Little face to face interaction, less organized, members unknown to each other - astrology
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Belief System
Form part of our 'universe of meaning' - general traditional views/beliefs, takes on board Nationalism
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Believing without Belonging
Davie - collective religious practice in decline. Church attendance decreased - not mainstream - praying at home ''believing without belonging''
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Charismatic Leader
Has a special ability to influence and inspire others - powerful leader often found in cults/sects
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Church
Doesn't refer to the building but to institutional religion
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Civil Religion
Bellah - integrates society in a way religions cant. E.g. Americanism - loyalty to America expressed through flags etc
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Clash of Civilisations
Huntington - religious differences creating a new hostile 'them' 'us' e.g. 9/11
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Client Cult
Organized, offer services to followers - e.g. medical miracles
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Collective Conscience
Durkheim - shared beliefs values etc held by particular society
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Collective Worship
Social group comes together in religious rituals - express faith in common beliefs
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Compensation Thesis
Real rewards unobtainable - e.g. religion promises us life after death (compensation)
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Conservative Force
Religion maintains status quo, prevents social change
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Conservation Sect
Sect most likely to develop into a denomination e.g. evangelical sects
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Cult
Concerned with finding ways to salvation, based on discovery of a new prophet, associated with bad press e.g. doomsday cult
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Cultural Defence
Religion focal point for defense of national local ethical identity
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Cultural Transition
Bruce - religion used to cope with upheaval of migration
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Denomination
Type of religious organization accepts and accepted by wider society but lacks formal connection with the state
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Denomination or Death
Second generation born in sect lack commitment parents had
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Desacralisation
Removal of sacred, religious meanings etc, decline of religion
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Determinism
Idea that individuals have no free will thoughts shaped by religious ideology
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Detraditionalisation
Rejecting authority that comes from traditional sources, recognizes identity
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Differential Socialisation
Women taught to be more submissive than men - characteristics associated with being more religious
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Disappearance Thesis
Modern society become disenchanted with religion - idea of supernatural and magic gone, now obsessed with rational action
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Disenchantment
Weber- supernatural explanations about world displaced by science
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Disengagement
Feature of secularization - state and church becoming separate entities, loss of power of Church
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Divine Right of Kings
A society where an absolute ruler claimed exclusive religious legitimacy
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Ecclesia
Church of congregation
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Economic Determinism
Marxist notion - social relations inevitably tied up with economy and infrastructure
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Empirical Realm
Linked to physical world that can be observed
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Ethnic Assimilation
Ethnic minorities give up traditional culture to adapt to host culture
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Ethnic Separatism
Ethnic group seek to keep traditional culture amidst dominant culture - David Blunkett - 'parallel life' -e.g. push for separate Muslim schools
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Euro Centrism
Focusing on Europes culture and its inhabitants
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Evangelical Sect
USA- aim to convert as many by preaching
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Existential Security Theory
Belief that survival is secure enough that it can be taken for granted
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False Consciousness
Marxist term- role of religion - disguises working classes exploitation
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Functional definition of religion
What religion does, etc, in this sense anything may be a religion if its serves certain key functions of religion
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Fundamentalism
Belief that country needs to return to traditional values e.g. belief in sacred texts
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Globalisation
Idea that world is becoming increasingly interconnected, barriers disappearing
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Hegemony
Gramsci - ruling class maintain ideological and moral leadership of society, control institutions e.g. religion
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Hindu Caste System
People from different castes can't marry
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Hybrid Culture
Fusion of religious vultures arises in postmodern society, new synthesised culture formed
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Idealism
Weberian notion that ideas alone not enough to bring social change
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Ideological state apparatus
Althusser - ideology dominated people through ideas
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Inclusive definition of religion
Catch all liberal view of religion - non non traditional belief systems regarded as religions by virtue of function
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Ideology
Set of beliefs that benefit ruling group although may be false e.g meritocracy
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Individuation
Bellah - process of privatized worship on an individual basis. Challenges Wilson's idea that you can measure secularisation via church attendance
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Inner world
Spirituality within us
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Jesus in Disneyland (2000)
People have choice, religion defines us as individuals now. David Lyon- Disneyland - Harvest Day Crusade held there - growth of non traditional movements
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Lifestyle of self denial and discipline - monks

Back

Ascetic

Card 3

Front

Little face to face interaction, less organized, members unknown to each other - astrology

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Form part of our 'universe of meaning' - general traditional views/beliefs, takes on board Nationalism

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Davie - collective religious practice in decline. Church attendance decreased - not mainstream - praying at home ''believing without belonging''

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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