Religion and War and Peace Key Terms

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Peace
An abscence of conflict, which leads to happiness and harmony.
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Justice
Bringing about what is right, fair according to the law or making up for what has been done wrong.
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Sanctity of Life
The idea that life is sacred because it is God-given. Only God has the right to take life away.
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Pacifism
The belief held by people who refuse to take part in war and any other form of violence.
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Quakers
Members of the 'Society of Friends', a Christian denomination.
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Just War (Theory)
A war that the Christian Church defines as acceptable; this must fit certain criteria.* Just war theory was a theory of Thomas Aquinas.
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Holy War
Fighting for a religious cause, or God probably controlled by a religious leader.
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Refugees
People who flee from their homes to seek safety elsewhere.
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Red Cross
A humanitarian agency, set up in 1859, that helps people suffering from war or other disasters.
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Red Crescent
Same as the Red Cross. National Red Crescent societies are foundpredominantly in Muslim countries.
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Red Diamond
Same as the Red Cross. National Red Diamond societies are found predominantly in Jewish countries.
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United Nations
An organisation set up at the end of World War II to prevent war by discussing problems between countries.
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NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. An alliance formed to prevent war in Europe.
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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs)
Weapons that can kill large numbers of people and/or cause great damage.
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Proliferation
Spreading to other countries and getting more numerous.
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Deterrent
A country having nuclear weapons as defence from other attacks.
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Nuclear Non-Proliferation
The principle of getting rid of/ disarming people of nuclear weapons.
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Biblical Non-Resistance
The principle of "turn the other cheek" as preached by Jesus during the Sermon of the Mount, and recorded by Mark.
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Colateral Damage
The amount of civilians (who are not combatants) killed.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Bringing about what is right, fair according to the law or making up for what has been done wrong.

Back

Justice

Card 3

Front

The idea that life is sacred because it is God-given. Only God has the right to take life away.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The belief held by people who refuse to take part in war and any other form of violence.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Members of the 'Society of Friends', a Christian denomination.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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