Religion and Society Key Words

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Bible
The holy book of Christians
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Church
The community of Christians (with a small c it means a Christian place of worship)
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Conscience
The inner feeling of rightness or wrongness of an action
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The Decalogue
The Ten Commandments
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Democratic processes
The ways in which all citizens can take part in government (usually through elections)
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Electoral processes
The ways in which voting is organised
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The Golden Rule
The teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you
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Human rights
The rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled
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Political party
A group which tries to be elected into power on the basis of its policies (e.g. Labour, Conservative)
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Pressure group
A group formed to influence government policy on a particular issue
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Situation ethics
The idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do
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Social change
The way in which society has changed and is changing (and also the possibilities for future change)
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Artificial insemination
Injecting ***** into the uterus by artificial means
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Conservation
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
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Creation
The act of creating the universe or the universe which has been created
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Embryo
A fertilised egg in the first eight weeks after conception
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Environment
The surroundings in which plants and animals live and on which they depend to live
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Global warming
The increase in temperature of the Earth's atmosphere (thought to be caused by the greenhouse effect)
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Infertility
Not being able to have children
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In-vitro fertilisation
The method of fertilising a human egg in a test-tube
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Natural resources
Naturally occurring materials such as oil, and fertile land, which can be used by humans
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Organ donation
Giving organs to be used in transplant surgery
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Stewardship
Looking after something so it can be passed on to the next generation
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Surrogacy
An arrangement whereby a woman bears a child on behalf of another woman
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Aggression
Attacking without being provoked
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Bullying
Intimidating/frightening people weaker than yourself
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Conflict resolution
Bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful conclusion
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Exploitation
Taking advantage of a weaker group
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Forgiveness
Stopping blaming someone and/or pardoning them for what they have done
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Just war
A war which is fought for the right reasons and in a right way
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Pacifism
The belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means
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Reconciliation
Bringing people together who were opposed to each other
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Respect
Treating a person or their feelings with consideration
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The United Nations
An international body set up to promote world peace and cooperation
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Weapons of mass destruction
Weapons that can destroy large areas and numbers of people
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World peace
The ending of war throughout the whole world (the basic aim of the United Nations)
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Addicition
A recurring compulsion to engage in an activity regardless of its bad effects
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Capital punishment
The death penalty for a crime or offence
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Crime
An act against the law
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Deterrence
The idea that punishments should be of such a nature that they will put people off (deter) committing crimes
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Judgement
The act of judging people and their actions
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Justice
Due allocation of reward and punishment/ the maintenance of what is right
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Law
Rules made by Parliament and enforceable by the courts
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Reform
The idea that punishments should try to change criminals so that they will not commit crimes again
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Rehabilitation
Restore to normal life
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Responsibility
Being responsible for one's actions
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Retribution
The idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done
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Sin
An act against the will of God
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The community of Christians (with a small c it means a Christian place of worship)

Back

Church

Card 3

Front

The inner feeling of rightness or wrongness of an action

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The Ten Commandments

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The ways in which all citizens can take part in government (usually through elections)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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