Religion and social change

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  • Created by: Kami G
  • Created on: 12-06-17 12:03
Religion's conservative beliefs and functions
Traditional conservative beliefs about moral issues. Most religion uphold 'family values' supporting the traditional patriarchal domestic division of labour. Religion conserves things as they are.
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Religion as a force for change
Weber - The spirit of capitalism is where religion is unique based on rational pursuit of profit for its own sake. Weber argues that religious beliefs of Calvinism bought about major social change e.g emergence of modern capitalism.
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Calvinist beliefs
Predestination - God predetermines whom to be elected/saved. Divine transcendence - No one knows God's will leaving Calvinists feel lonely. Asceticism - Self-discipline and denial. Idea of vocation - a calling to serve God.
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Calvinists led an ascetic lifestyle
1. They systematically acquired wealth to spend on their own business to produce profit. 2. They prospered (financial success) and saw it as a sign of God's favour.
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Hinduism and Confucianism
Weber - Calvinists beliefs were caused by capitalism. Hinduism was an ascetic religion, but other worldly, directing followers towards spiritual world. Confucianism - not an ascetic religion, and directed followers towards material (this worldly).
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Religion and social protest - Bruce- American civil rights movement
Attempting to end racial segregation in 50s/60s. Dr Martin Luther King led the movement giving support to activists. Bruce saw this as ideological resource for legitimation and motivation.
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Religion and social protest - Bruce- The New Christian Right (NCR)
Protestant fundamentalism movement aiming to ban abortion and take USA 'back to God'. NCR uses televangelism, broadcasting programmes. Bruce sees the NCR unsuccessful because it only had 15% of the population's support.
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Marxism, religion and change
Religious ideas can have relative autonomy - they can be independent of capitalism thus religion can have dual character of a force for change as well as stability.
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The principle of hope
Ernst Bloch - sees religion as having dual character. Religion is an expression of 'the principle of hope' of a better life and images of utopia. However, this can deceive people by promising rewards in afterlife.
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Liberation theology (LT)
LT is a movement that emerged from Catholic Church in 60s with a commitment to help the poor. They emerged due to growth or rural poverty and human rights abuses due to military take-overs. It helped to bring about democracy in Latin America.
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Millenarian movements
Desire change and bring about Kingdom of God on Earth. Worsley - they expected to create heaven on earth. They promise immediate improvement to the poor. Worsley studied cargo cults - islanders felt deprived of cargo (material goods).
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Religion and hegemonyoercion (force). Hegemony - ideological domination, a w
Gramsci - how ruling lass maintain control through ideas instead of force to perform control e.g religion. In some cases, religion can challenge the ruling class by helping the poor see through capitalism.
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Religion and class conflict
Billings - Compares class struggle in two communities. Coal-miners and textile workers, both w.c but miners struggled for better conditions more.
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Card 2

Front

Weber - The spirit of capitalism is where religion is unique based on rational pursuit of profit for its own sake. Weber argues that religious beliefs of Calvinism bought about major social change e.g emergence of modern capitalism.

Back

Religion as a force for change

Card 3

Front

Predestination - God predetermines whom to be elected/saved. Divine transcendence - No one knows God's will leaving Calvinists feel lonely. Asceticism - Self-discipline and denial. Idea of vocation - a calling to serve God.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1. They systematically acquired wealth to spend on their own business to produce profit. 2. They prospered (financial success) and saw it as a sign of God's favour.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Weber - Calvinists beliefs were caused by capitalism. Hinduism was an ascetic religion, but other worldly, directing followers towards spiritual world. Confucianism - not an ascetic religion, and directed followers towards material (this worldly).

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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