Religion and Science

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What is cosmology?
The scientific study of the origins/nature of the universe.
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What is the Big Bang Theory?
Theory that an explosion millions of years ago created the universe
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What is Hubble's Law?
Galaxies moving away from each others @ speeds proportionate to their distance - universe must be expanding
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What is another term for the theory of universe expansion?
Red shift
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Name three scientists that concluded that space/time had finite beginning.
Hawking, Ellis, Penrose
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Which two scientists discovered cosmic microwave background radiation which they thought was a remnant of the Big Bang?
Penzias and Wilson
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What is creationism?
Theory that the world was created in 6 days by God - "let there be..."
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What are the main Biblical sources for creationism?
Genesis 1 + 2
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What is Young Earth creationism?
Belief that the world was created by God in seven 24-hour days
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What do Old Earth creationists believe?
Believe Genesis story, but accept geological findings.
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What do progressive creationists believe?
God created new lifeforms gradually over hundred of millions of years
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Why do progressive creationists not interpret the "days" in Genesis literally?
God's time ≠ our time
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Why do progressive creationists believe in geological evidence surrounding the earth's age?
They believe God intervened to create new plants/animals
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What is name of Darwin's book wherein he outlined his ideas on natural selection?
On the Origin of the Species (1859)
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What did Darwin believe about the origins of life?
Descended from simple organisms that developed over time
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Give one way in which Darwinism threatened Christian belief.
Humankind wasn't God's creation, but a chance happening
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Give one Creationist view on evolutionary theories.
Fossils suggest evolution could've occurred suddenly, e.g in Biblical flood
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What Biblical quote shows Creationist belief in the Bible's infallibility?
"All Scripture is God-breathed..." - 2 Timothy 3:16
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What is theistic evolution?
View that science + religion = compatible
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hat Biblical quote shows theistic evolutionist beliefs that God made the Big Bang?
"My own hands stretched out the heavens..." - Isaiah 45:12
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What is the theory of intelligent design?
Universe designed by intelligent being = not chance happening
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What is irreducible complexity?
Argument claiming Darwinism = flawed, and that God's a more obvious explanation for world
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In what book did Michael Behe explore the doubts modern chemistry has brought up about Darwinism?
Darwin's Black Box (1996)
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How does Behe use a mousetrap analogy to show irreducible complexity?
All parts of mousetrap must work for it to function, if one part doesn't = broken. Mousetrap = irreducibly complex.
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Give one criticism of irreducible complexity.
God's existence can't be empirically tested -> "God of the gaps" mentality
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Who is John Polkinghorne?
Theoretical physicist + Anglican priest
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Give one of John Polkinghorne's views on science and religion.
Leaps of faith neccesary for both science and religion.
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What was the Scopes trial?
American high school teacher found guilty of breaking law against evolutionary teaching
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the Big Bang Theory?

Back

Theory that an explosion millions of years ago created the universe

Card 3

Front

What is Hubble's Law?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is another term for the theory of universe expansion?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name three scientists that concluded that space/time had finite beginning.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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