Religion

What is atheism?
Absence of a belief of God, but they CAN have other beliefs
1 of 17
What is meant by something 'religious'?
something and/or someone that is considered to be spiritual and sacred
2 of 17
What is meant by secular?
Something and/or something that is considered worldly, but not sacred
3 of 17
What is meant by a social construct?
something that is defined by society; that changes according to the time and place
4 of 17
What is meant by a 'belief'?
something that we may think is true but that we do not know for certain
5 of 17
What is meant by knowledge?
something that we have no doubt about
6 of 17
What is a belief system?
views or convictions that people hold to be true, have specific beliefs but also share collective values
7 of 17
What is an ideology?
these view the world, and accordingly live in the way they think it should be
8 of 17
What are examples of an ideology?
Marxism, Republican, Scientology, Liberalism, Communism, Racism
9 of 17
What are examples of a belief system?
Satanism, Jedi Knights, Heavens Gate, Druidism, Atheism
10 of 17
What did Malinowski study in 1915?
Trobriand Islanders
11 of 17
What did Malinowski discover about the trobriand islanders?
His participant observation found that their religion is based on Animism, they use magic to influence spirits, cast spells and rituals before going to sea providing a sense of control over the weather and sea spirits; reassures them of safety
12 of 17
What is Animism?
An early form of religion that see humans, animals and plants as all having spiritis or souls.
13 of 17
What does Tylor say about animism?
it is the most basic and the earliest form of religion
14 of 17
Why did Malinowksi argue that religion exists?
To 'plug' the gaps in tehir empirical knowledge. E.g. T.islanders were highly skilled gardeners that turnt to magic when they reached the limits of their practical knowledge
15 of 17
What does belief rely on?
faith rather than truth. Until evidence is found to support any theory, we cannot say it is true or claim it as knowledge
16 of 17
'Belief systems are based on what we think but don't actually know', what does this suggest about ideologies, religions and philosophies?
That they have no firm factual basis, and they are all merely attempts to explain the world in the absence of knowledge
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is meant by something 'religious'?

Back

something and/or someone that is considered to be spiritual and sacred

Card 3

Front

What is meant by secular?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is meant by a social construct?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is meant by a 'belief'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Religion and beliefs resources »