Relationships - SS3 - The Effects of Early Experience & Culture - Research

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Which 3 psychologists support the Attachment Theory?
Hazen & Shaver, Morrison et al and Simpson et al
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What did Hazen & Shaver create?
The Love Quiz
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What was found?
A clear link between attachment type as a child and type of romantic love as an adult
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What did Morrison et al find about those with an insecure or avoidant attachment as a child?
They showed more hostility in adult relationships
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What were those with a secure attachment like?
Showed more inter-dependency in later relationships
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According to Simpson et al, what was the expression of emotions in adult relationships related back to?
A person's early social development (attachment & peers)
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Who else also found peers to be important?
Qualter & Munn
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Which 4 psychologists support the influence of culture?
Shaver et al, Levine et al, Yelsma & Appathily and Goodwin
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What did Shaver et al find about Chinese people and basing marriage on romantic love?
It was unrealistically optimistic, and they associate love with sorrow, pain and unfulfilled affection
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What correlation did Levine et al find between a societies individualism and necessity of romantic love for marriage?
+0.56
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What % of people in US and Thailand said they would marry someone they did not love?
14% - USA, 34% - Thailand
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What did Yelsma & Appathily find about marriages in India compared to USA?
Indian marriages tended to me arranged, and Americans - love marriages, but there was no difference in happiness
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What did Goodwin find about divorce rates?
In China it was less than 4%, but USA had a rate of 40-50%
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Card 2

Front

What did Hazen & Shaver create?

Back

The Love Quiz

Card 3

Front

What was found?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Morrison et al find about those with an insecure or avoidant attachment as a child?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were those with a secure attachment like?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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