Relationships - SS1 - Formation, Maintenance & Breakdown - Research

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Which 2 psychologists support the sociobiological theory of relationship formation?
Dunbar & Waynforth, Dunbar & McGuinness and Buss
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How many lonely hearts ads did Dunbar & Waynforth (1995) study and where?
900 & USA
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What were men more likely to do?
Seek a youthful mate & advertised economic status
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What were women more likely to do?
Use terms such as gorgeous
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What did Dunbar & McGuinness (1995) analyse?
600 lonely hearts ads in 2 London mags
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What were women more likely to do?
Describe physical attractiveness
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What did Buss (1969) find men and women to be concerned with?
Men - physical attractiveness, women - ability to support family
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Which 3 psychologists support the Rewards-Needs Satisfaction theory?
May & Hamilton, Griffit & Guay and Cate et al
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What did ppts in May & Hamilton's study have to do?
Either listen to pleasant or unpleasant music and rate images out of 10 for attractiveness
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What was found?
Those in the pleasant condition tended to rate images higher for attractivness
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In Griffit and Guay's study, when did ppts like an experimenter better?
If they evaluated them positively on a creative task
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What did Cate et al find about reward level?
It was important in relationship formation
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Which 2 psychologists support the Social Exchange Theory?
Hatfield and Rusbult & Martz
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Who did Hatfield study?
Newlyweds
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What was found about those under-benefitted in a relationship?
Felt the most anger and had the most marriage dissatisfaction
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Why did Rusbult & Martz suggest that abusive relationships may still be rewarding?
When investments are high (children, financial) and alternatives are low (no where to live), this could still be considered a profit situation
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Who went against the theory?
Argyle
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What did Argyle find about over-benefitted women?
They were much less satisfied
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Which 2 psychologists support the Equity Theory
Hatfield and Buunk & Van Yperen
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Who did Hatfield find to be the happiest?
Those in an equitable relationship
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Who did Buunk & Van Yperen find to be least and most happy?
Those in equitable marriages were happiest, and under-benefited were least happy
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Who went against the theory?
Clark & Mills
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What did Clark & Mills find that most marriages were based on?
Not exchange principles, but many gain satisfaction from responding to others needs
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Which psychologist supports Lee's Model of Breakdown?
Lee
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Who did Lee study?
100 pre-matiral couples
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What did he find?
5 stages to relationship breakdown
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Which 2 psychologists support Duck's reasons for breakdown?
Baxter and Shaver
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What did Baxter find about a lack of stimulation?
It is often quoted when a relationship breaks down
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How did Shaver support lack of proximity?
Found that going to university often places great strain on relationships, and is often responsible for its breakdown
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Who went against Duck's reasons?
Rohfling
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How did Rohfling go against lack of proximity?
Found that 70% of students sampled had at least one LDRR and 90% had at least one LDF
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Card 2

Front

How many lonely hearts ads did Dunbar & Waynforth (1995) study and where?

Back

900 & USA

Card 3

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What were men more likely to do?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What were women more likely to do?

Back

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Card 5

Front

What did Dunbar & McGuinness (1995) analyse?

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