Relationships

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: caitlin
  • Created on: 19-05-14 18:12
Filter Model (Kerckoff and Davis)
The theory suggest we have a field of availables that then pass through three filters to produce the fields of desirables. The three filters are; demographic similarities, attitude and value similarity and complementary of needs
1 of 12
Kerckoff and Davis
Kerkoff and Davies conducted a study using students in a relationship for 18 months. Using self-report questionnaires, the study found that attitude similarity was the most important factor up to 18 months, where complimenting each others needs is
2 of 12
K and D evaluation
Firstly, self-report questionnaires are problematic as they are easy to lie on, or to misrepresent data, or to get wrong as they often require retrospective knowledge. This means that the findings could be biased or incorrect. People may also show
3 of 12
Filter model evaluation
However, this model is flawed. The socio-demographic variables stage may not be as important as the model makes out, with the rise in internet dating and also long-distance relationships,especially in military families, not fitting in with the model.
4 of 12
Sprecher
conducte study and found that couple matched in physical attractiveness, social background, and interests were more likely to develop a long-term relationship. This suggests that the filter model is correct in regards to socio-demographic variables.
5 of 12
Matching Hypothesis (Murstein)
although we may desire the MOST physically attractive partner in theory, in reality we are unlikely to get them or keep them so we are attracted to those who closely MATCH our perceptions of our own level of physical attractiveness
6 of 12
Walster 1966
Asked students to rate partners selected for them during the dance, there was a questionnaire before hand so students believed they had been paired on similar interests – but it was RANDOMLY allocated.most liking was expressed for the most attractive
7 of 12
Walster and Walster 1969
ran a follow up to the Computer Dance, but instead allowed participants to meet beforehand in order to give them greater chance to interact and think about their ideal qualities in a partner. the finding was that partners that were similar
8 of 12
Reductionist
reducing complexity of love down to physical features. ignores cultural factors like arranged marriages, blind people, perception & personality)
9 of 12
Determinist
claims we have no control over our behavior as we naturally chose someone of similar attractiveness.
10 of 12
Ethical Issues
Informed consent, deception
11 of 12
Sample Bias/ Unrealistic
Used American students - age specific and ethnocentric / snapshot of relationships, not a real account of the relationship. Lacks ecological validity
12 of 12

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Kerkoff and Davies conducted a study using students in a relationship for 18 months. Using self-report questionnaires, the study found that attitude similarity was the most important factor up to 18 months, where complimenting each others needs is

Back

Kerckoff and Davis

Card 3

Front

Firstly, self-report questionnaires are problematic as they are easy to lie on, or to misrepresent data, or to get wrong as they often require retrospective knowledge. This means that the findings could be biased or incorrect. People may also show

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

However, this model is flawed. The socio-demographic variables stage may not be as important as the model makes out, with the rise in internet dating and also long-distance relationships,especially in military families, not fitting in with the model.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

conducte study and found that couple matched in physical attractiveness, social background, and interests were more likely to develop a long-term relationship. This suggests that the filter model is correct in regards to socio-demographic variables.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Relationships resources »