Relationships

Outline sexual selection.
Anisogamy, inter sexual selection- between sexes, intra sexual selection- within the same sex. Women seek resourcefulness and comfort, men seek youth and beauty- quantity/ quality.
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Evaluate sexual selection.
+Buss, women seek resourcefulness and men seek beauty in 37 cultures, +Buss and Schmitt, 2 years- (w) 1, (m) 8, lifetime- (w) 5, (m) 15 -Deterministic, not all women want children, -reductionist, homosexual relationships.
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Outline self disclosure as a factor affecting attraction.
This increases attraction and builds trust, this depends on the appropriateness, the reasons why it is expressed and gender differences.
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Evaluate self disclosure.
+RLA, therapy, +Dindia and Allen, females find this more intimate, -Tang, US couples are more likely to express sexual thoughts than in China.
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Outline the matching hypothesis.
Where the couple are similarly attractive, this is altered by self esteem and decreases the likeliness of rejection. Evolutionary explanations, symmetrical and baby faces, release caring instincts. Halo effect.
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Evaluate the matching hypothesis.
+Feingold, couples are at similar levels of attraction, +Buss, universal traits that are more attractive in all cultures, large eyes. -Taylor, online people have less of a fear of rejection. -Some people don't place significance on apperance.
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Outline the filter theory.
Formation of relationships, 1) Social demography, 2) Similarity attitudes, 3) Complementary.
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Evaluate the filter theory.
+Winch, similarities in personalities in the early stages, -Cause and effect, -Age differences.
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Outline the social exchange.
Comparison levels with alternativess, comparison level. They seek other options to test their relationship.
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Evaluate the social exchange theory.
+Hatfield, people felt over or under benefitted in relationships, +Miller, people rated feeling better in relationships and spent less time looking at other images. -Cause and effect, -Simplistic, reduces relationships to simple cognitive decisions.
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Outline the equity theory as a theory of romantic relationships.
Each person has a fair amount of responsibilities or roles in their relationship. Differs between couples; profit, distribution, dissatisfaction and realignment.
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Evaluate the equity theory.
+Van Ypren and Buunk, longitudianl of 259 couples, over and under benefitted felt unhappy, -Gender differences, Hochschild and Machung, women are likely to do more, -Moghadden, cultural differences, US values equity but European values equa
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Outline Rusbult's Investment theory.
Commitment in a relationship depends on investment size, satisfaction level and comparison with alternatives. Types of relationships, accomidation, willing to sacrifice and forgiveness.
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Evaluate Rusbult's Investment theory.
+Can explain why people stay in abusive relationships, +Le and Agnew, reviewed 52 studies from 5 countaries, predicted commitment, -Oversimplifies investment, may be the motivation for the future, -Cause and effect.
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Outline Duck's Phase Model.
This describes the breakdown of a relationship, intra psychic, dyadic, social stage and grave dressing.
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Evaluate Duck's Phase Model.
+RLA, use this in therapy, +Tashiro and Frazer, 92 students broke up due to growth factors and grave dressing occurs. -Not an explanation, -Simplistic, Rollie and Duck, fifth stage should be resurrection, where they use the knowledge.
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Outline virtual relationships.
Reduced cues theory, cannot tell the tone, absense of fating- anxiety. Hyperpersonal model, more intense and more personal.
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Evaluate virtual relationships.
+Whitty and Joinson, discussions are more direct and probing, -Walther and Tidwell, expression has been replaced by emojis. -Different types of social medias.
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Outline the parasocial relationships.
3 Types- entrainment, intense personal, psychopathic, absorption-addiction model. Attachment, resistant attachments are more likely to form these, their body image and confidence can affect this, there's less chance of rejection.
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Evaluate the parasocial relationships.
+Melroy, people with a failed sex life are more likely to form, +Maltby, correlation between self esteem and likeliness to form, -Not everyonew attachment issues, -Gender differences, Purcell, female stalks are more nurturing, men do this w celebs.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Evaluate sexual selection.

Back

+Buss, women seek resourcefulness and men seek beauty in 37 cultures, +Buss and Schmitt, 2 years- (w) 1, (m) 8, lifetime- (w) 5, (m) 15 -Deterministic, not all women want children, -reductionist, homosexual relationships.

Card 3

Front

Outline self disclosure as a factor affecting attraction.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Evaluate self disclosure.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Outline the matching hypothesis.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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