Relationship Between Branches Key Words

  • Created by: ruddo
  • Created on: 03-06-18 22:22
Supreme Court
Its the final court of appeal in all of England, Wales and NI.
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Judicial Neutrality
Judges operate impartially in their administration of justice. Its an essential requirement of the rule of law.
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Judicial Independence
Those in judiciary should be free from political control. Allows judges to 'do the right thing' and apply justice properly, without fear of consequences.
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Judicial Review
Any citizen or organisation may apply for a review of a decision or regulation made by a public body. This will be conducted by a court presided over by a judge. Typical cases involve discrimination, lack of consultation and lack of fairness.
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Elective dictatorship
Expression used by Tory Lord Halisham in 1976. Refers to the belief that as long as the governing party enjoys a majority, able to drive through any legislation it wants.
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European Union
A political and economic union of 28 member states that are located in Europe.
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Four Freedoms
Freedom of the people, of labour, of capital and of services. The EU is based on these principles and they are the subject of negotiation as the UK leaves the EU.
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Legal Sovereignty
Where legal power is held in one institution, and no other body can overrule this. It is fixed unless the constitution is amended or changed.
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Political Sovereignty
Where real power lies in reality. This may change in changing circumstances. Power not entrenched but be difficult to move to other bodies.
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Ultra Vires
A legal principle where citizens may appeal against a decision or action by a public body on the grounds that the body has exceeded its legal powers.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Judges operate impartially in their administration of justice. Its an essential requirement of the rule of law.

Back

Judicial Neutrality

Card 3

Front

Those in judiciary should be free from political control. Allows judges to 'do the right thing' and apply justice properly, without fear of consequences.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Any citizen or organisation may apply for a review of a decision or regulation made by a public body. This will be conducted by a court presided over by a judge. Typical cases involve discrimination, lack of consultation and lack of fairness.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Expression used by Tory Lord Halisham in 1976. Refers to the belief that as long as the governing party enjoys a majority, able to drive through any legislation it wants.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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