Regulatory System

Pineal Gland
Produces melatonin which modulates sleep patterns
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Hypothalamus
Links nervous system to the endocrine system via the pituitary gland
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Parathyroid Glands
Regulates amount of calcium in the body
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Adrenal Glands
Produce fight or flight hormones and regulates blood pressure
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Kidneys
Responsible for cleaning the blood
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Pituitary Gland
Part of the brain that triggers growth hormones
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Thyroid Gland
Controls metabolism and calcium storage in the bones
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Pancreas
Produces insulin to allow cells to receive glucose for energy
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Ovaries
Produce oestrogen which is responsible for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system
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Testes
Produce testosterone which develops tests and prostate and also bone strength
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Dendrites
These are like branches and receive information
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Cell body
This processes information
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Axon
They send information to the axon terminals
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Axon terminals
They send information to the next neuron
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Synapse
Allows the impulse to pass from one neuron to another
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What is the endocrine system?
This is a system of glands that secrete hormones, which send messages to other body systems using chemicals
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What is the role of the urinary system?
Removes urea from the blood. This is then carried in the bloodstream to the kidneys
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What is urea?
Urea is produced when foods containing protein, such as meat, poultry, and certain vegetables, are broken down in the body
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What are nephrons?
Tiny filtering units in the kidneys which help to remove urea from the blood
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What is the role of the liver?
Responsible for processing nutrients, producing bile and storing vitamins, minerals and glucose
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What is homeostasis?
The process of the internal body keeping things at the correct levels through monitoring the systems, using feedback mechanisms and effectors
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What is a stroke?
Damage to the brain caused by an interruption to the blood supply
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What is a stroke caused by?
Either a blood clot/blockage or an arterial bleed - haemorrhage
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What are the symptoms of a stroke?
FAST - Face droops on one side, Arms can't be lifted above the head, Speak is slurred, Time to act
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What effects can a stroke have on the individual?
Brain damage, problems with speech, writing and reading. Some patient may recover some abilities after a stroke
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How are strokes treated?
Treated using a 'clot-busting' medicine called alteplase, which dissolves blood clots Only effective if started in first four and a half hours of a stroke. Aspirin can also be given.
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What is multiple sclerosis?
affects the nerves in your brain and spinal cord, causing problems with muscle control, vision and balance
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What are the symptoms of MS?
Numbness, Paralysis, blindness, fatigue, tingling, loss of balance and muscle coordination, slurred speech, stiffness and bladder problems
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How is MS diagnosed?
Muscle relaxants to help ease spasms, corticosteroid drugs to relieve symptoms, surgery to halt tremors and physiotherapy which can help to improve muscle strength and balance
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Hypothalamus

Back

Links nervous system to the endocrine system via the pituitary gland

Card 3

Front

Parathyroid Glands

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Adrenal Glands

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Kidneys

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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