Regenerating places

  • Created by: ZoeCouch
  • Created on: 20-05-18 20:27
Economies can be classified in?
different ways and vary from place to place
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What can economic activity be classified by?
Sector or type of employment
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What are the different economic sectors?
primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary and quinary
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What is primary sector employment and where is it prominent in the UK?
The extraction of raw materials, mining and farming. Dominant sector in Plympton, Dartmoor and South West England.
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What is the trend over years concerning the primary sector?
primary sector employment was high in the pre-industrial era but has been rapidly decreasing through the industrial era and continuing to do so through the post-industrial era.
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What is secondary sector employment and where is it prominent?
Manufacturing and processing. Iron, steel and car manufacturing are examples of secondary employment. Commonly seen in Scunthorpe, Sunderland in North West England.
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what is the UK trend displaying in terms of secondary employment?
the secondary sector increased from the pre-industrial era to the industrial era, but due to deindustrialisation and global shift of manufacturing, the UK has seen recent decline in the secondary industry.
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Which sector now dominates the UK economy? Where are these sectoral shifts mirrored?
Tertiary, which is mirrored in economies of most places, but noticeably Aylebusry in the South East of England
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What is the tertiary industry and how has it changed over time?
It is the service sector including banking and tourism, and has been increasing since the pre-industrial era.
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Which sector has emerged relatively recently, since 1975?
Both Quaternary and Quinary Sectors
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Are there any trends in quaternary and quinary employment?
both have increased since their introduction in 1975, at the start of the post-industrial era. Quaternary sector employment has increased faster than quinary.
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What is the quaternary sector and where is it in growth?
this sector describes employment in high tech research and design, with notable growth in Cambridge in East England.
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What is quinary sector employment and where is it most common?
Quinary sector employment describes those employed in knowledge, managerial or consultancy jobs. Leaders and CEOs are employed in the quinary sector. It is concentrated in STEM employment. This is most common in London, in the South East of England.
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A place is a part of geographical space with?
a distinctive identity and character felt deeply by local inhabitants. The sense of each and every place derives from a unique mix of external connections, natural and human features in the landscape, and the people who happen to occupy it.
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What is the definition of regeneration?
involves postively transforming the economy of a place that has displayed symptoms of decline, making it viable and sustainable.
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What does regeneration frequently go 'hand in glove' with?
rebranding and reimaging
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what is rebranding?
changing people's perceptions of a place in order to promote it.
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What is reimaging?
positively changing the standing and reputation of a place through specific improvements and advertising.
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what is a connection?
Any type of physical, social or online linkage between places. Places may keep some of the characteristics or change them as a result.
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What is STEM employment?
Science, Technology, Engineering or Mathematics education required for employment.
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what are different types of employment calssifications?
part time/full time, temporary/permanent, employed/self-employed.
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workers themselves can be classified as?
employees with contracts (permanent or fixed), agency staff and volunteers, self-employed (freelancers, consultants and contractors), skilled/ semi-skilled/ unskilled.
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Why might this classification be thought to have not fully reflected 21st century Britain?
Due to increased use of 'zero hour' contracts, and UK recognition of both a minimum wage policy and the concept of a living wage.
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differences in economic activity (employment data and output data) are reflected through what?
variation in social factors (health, life expectancy and levels of education.
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WHy may there be differences in economic activity?
transition to a post-industrial economy does not occur equally or simultaneously. For example parts of Teeside have unemployment twice the national average.
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How can type of employment and work affect health?
Long, working hours in manual jobs, such as construction or agriculture, lead to increased risk of accidents and poor health. Less income also means less medical care, although the NHS does provide much free service in the UK.
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How can type of employment affect life expectancy?
There is a whole range of work-related factors here, including levels of stress, exposure to risk, diet etc
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How can employment affect education?
for example, children from poor working-class families still tend to underachieve and are often denied the chance of going to university.
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how can employment affect lifestyle?
higher wages and salary levels mean more disposable income to be spent on luxuries. Low levels promote deprivation.
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Deprived communities are more likely to suffer from?
causes of death such as lung cancer, suicide, cirrhosis of liver and cardiovascular diseases. There is also likely to be high levels of unemployment.
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However some deprived communities are what?
highly entrepreneurial.
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Where is impact of economic activity greatest? Example?
where a particular industry is concentrated (has a high location quotient), for example, historically coal mining in South Wales or in North England (more recent) where steel factories close down.
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where can these impacts be positive?
Where modern high-tech industries or finance are growing the local economy
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what are negative impacts of unemployment?
Decreased Health (mental and physical), Decreased Life expectancy which is affected by health and Lowered educational attainment.
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Example of negative impact of unemployment?
Research shows a link between growing up in poverty, dropping out of school early and later ill health. In Camden, North London, 34% of children live in poverty and 43% of death is considered premature.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What can economic activity be classified by?

Back

Sector or type of employment

Card 3

Front

What are the different economic sectors?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is primary sector employment and where is it prominent in the UK?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the trend over years concerning the primary sector?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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