REDUCING THE DEVELOPMENT GAP - TOURISM IN JAMAICA

What is Jamaica's state of economy?
- It's economy is based on a range of minerals, agricultural products and some manufacturing. - Upper-middle income country.
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Environment - positives
-Montego Bay on n. coast improved by landscaping(this also created jobs).-Negril Marine Nature Park attracts many tourists+brings direct+indirect income.-New water treatment plant at Logwood has reduced pollution from hotels. - Ecotourism.
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Environment - negatives
- Mass tourism can create footpath erosion, excessive waste and harmful emissions. - Water sports can damage coral reefs. - Litter left on beaches. - Some hotels discharge untreated sewage into sea. - Coastal vegetation removed to build hotels
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Economy - positives
-Taxes to government contribute to development.-Income from tourism is US$2 billion each yr.-2014: Tourism contributed 24% of Jamaica's GDP (one of highest proportions of any country in world).-Local economy boosted as people spend money in shops etc
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Economy - negatives
- Seasonal. - Cruise passengers (1.1 million per day) only spend average of US$70 per day. - Profits go to travel companies not country. - Local restaurants suffer due to 'fully inclusive' hotels.
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Infrastructure - positives
- New port and cruiser-liner facilities built at Trelawney (n.coast). - New hotel accommodation. - New roads/airports/communication benefit locals.
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Infrastructure - negatives
- Improvements in roads and airports have been slower (some parts of island remain isolated). - Traffic congestion from tourists blocking up local roads.
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Quality of life - positives
- In Northern tourist areas of Montego Bay and Ocho Rios, wealthy Jamaicans live in high quality housing with high living standards (these areas benefit from tourist industry). - Leisure can be used by locals.
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Quality of life - negatives
- Large no.s of people live in poor housing with limited food supply and inadequate access to fresh water, healthcare and education. - Beach restrictions 'for tourists only'. - Tourists use up resources (e.g. water).
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Employment - positives
-Tourism provides 200,000 reliable jobs(main source of employment in area)(indirectly in shops, manufacturing+banking; directly in hotels, transport+tourist attractions).-Employees learn new skills-improve prospects of better paid jobs in future.
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Employment - negatives
- May increase migration to Jamaica, as people seek work. - Much food for tourists in imported so local jobs lost (e.g. farming, local businesses).
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Environment - positives

Back

-Montego Bay on n. coast improved by landscaping(this also created jobs).-Negril Marine Nature Park attracts many tourists+brings direct+indirect income.-New water treatment plant at Logwood has reduced pollution from hotels. - Ecotourism.

Card 3

Front

Environment - negatives

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Economy - positives

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Economy - negatives

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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