Recent strain theories

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What do recent strain theories argue that young people pursue?
A variety of goals other than money success.
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What different goals do young people pursue?
Popularity with peers/ autonomy from adults/ desire for young men to be treated like 'real men.'
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What will result if there is failure to meet these goals?
Delinquency.
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Working-class juveniles don't only have problems achieving these goals....
....middle class people also have them.
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This offers an explanation for ...
... middle-class delinquency.
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Who (like Merton) focuses their theory on the American dream?
Messner and Rosenfeld
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What is the name of their theory?
Institutional anomie theory
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According to Messner and Rosenfeld, how do the American dream's obsession with individual success cause crime?
It encourages an anomic (normless) cultural environment in which people are encouraged an 'anything goes,' mentality in pursuit of wealth.
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In America, economic goals are valued above all others, which underminds other...
...institutions.
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An example of this is:
Schools are more and more geared to prepare students for the labour market rather than instilling good values in them (such as respect for others) that makes it harder for schools to exert social control over them.
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Where do Messner and Rosenfeld conclude that high crime rates are inevitable?
Societies based on free-market capitalism and lacking adequate welfare provision.
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What is 'market-free capitalism?'
A economic system that minimises economic intervention and maximises the role of the market.
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Card 2

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What different goals do young people pursue?

Back

Popularity with peers/ autonomy from adults/ desire for young men to be treated like 'real men.'

Card 3

Front

What will result if there is failure to meet these goals?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Working-class juveniles don't only have problems achieving these goals....

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

This offers an explanation for ...

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Preview of the front of card 5
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