Realistic Conflict Theory

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Who proposed it?
Sherif
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Briefly describe the theory
Prejudice stems from competition and conflict (stereotypes) and can be reduced by superordinate goals
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Give an example of prejudice that backs up the RCT
Immigration- competition for resources (jobs, schools etc), hostility towards migrants
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How can in-group favouritism be reduced?
By reducing hostility---> superordinate goals
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Supporting evidence
Robbers cave study (sherif), studies of tribes also back it up- tribes competing for resources increases violence
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Conflicting evidence
Sherif criticised his own study by saying how there was hostility between the groups before any competition was introduced, the presence alone is enough to cause conflict (Social Identity Theory)
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Other explanations
Social Identity Theory, presence of another group can cause prejudice
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Usefulness
Aronson said that it can be applied to classrooms, removal of competition in classrooms can remove conflict
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Testability
It can't be tested in a lab with high control, it has to be field or natural because prejudice happens in everyday life, it makes it hard to rely on
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Card 2

Front

Briefly describe the theory

Back

Prejudice stems from competition and conflict (stereotypes) and can be reduced by superordinate goals

Card 3

Front

Give an example of prejudice that backs up the RCT

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How can in-group favouritism be reduced?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Supporting evidence

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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