Reactivity of Metals

Which non-metals are often included in the reactivity series of metals for reference?
Carbon and Hydrogen
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What do we call very unreactive metals such as gold and platinum?
Native metals
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Whats the Displacement Order?
A metal can only displace another metal from a compound if it is located above it in the reactivity series.
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What is a Displacement Reaction?
A more reactive metal (one that forms positive ions more easily) can displace a less reactive metal from a compound.
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What is produced when reactive metals react with cold water?
Metal Hydroxide and Hydrogen
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How many types of substance are formed when metals react with acids?
2
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What are the products of reactions between metals and acids?
A salt and hydrogen
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What would a salt be called if it was produced by reacting potassium with nitric acid?
Potassium Nitrate
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What are the two reactions involved in redox reactions?
Reduction and Oxidation
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How do you make soluble salts?
Soluble salts can be made by reacting acids with solid, insoluble substances such as pure metals, metal oxides, metal hydroxides, or metal carbonates.
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How do you prepare for the required practical: Separating mixtures
­­1.Gently warm an acid using a Bunsen burner 2. Add the insoluble solid (with stirring) until no more reacts.
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How do you filter everything in the required practical; Separating mixtures
Filter the solution to remove the excess insoluble solid. This will leave a solution of the salt dissolved in water.
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How do you do the crystallisation step in the required practical: Separating Mixtures?
1. Heat the solution in an evaporating basin above a beaker of water. The 'water bath' ensures gentle heating. 2. Leave the solution to cool and allow more water to evaporate. The solution will become more concentrated and the salt will crystallise
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What does an alkali do when its dissolved in water?
form OH- ions
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What do acids do when its dissolved in water
Form H+ ions
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What are the two ways you can use to measure pH?
Universal Indicator and pH Probes
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What do we call very unreactive metals such as gold and platinum?

Back

Native metals

Card 3

Front

Whats the Displacement Order?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a Displacement Reaction?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is produced when reactive metals react with cold water?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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