Reaction types etc

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Electrophile
a positive ion/molecule that has a partial positive charge that is attracted to a negatively charged region, reacting by accepting a lone pair forming a covalent bond
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Nucleophile
a molecule or negatively charged ion with a lone pair of electrons that it can donate to a positive charged atom to form a covalent bond.
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Addition reaction
a reaction where two or more molecules react to form one larger molecule. 100% atom economy
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Rearrangement reaction
a reaction where atoms are changed around within the structure. 100% atom economy.
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Substitution reaction
a reaction where, atoms or parts of a molecule, are swapped with atoms or molecules from another molecule.
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Elimination reaction
a reaction where a small molecule is removed from a larger molecule leaving an unsaturated molecule.
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Card 2

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Nucleophile

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a molecule or negatively charged ion with a lone pair of electrons that it can donate to a positive charged atom to form a covalent bond.

Card 3

Front

Addition reaction

Back

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Card 4

Front

Rearrangement reaction

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Substitution reaction

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