Reaction Mechanism

  • Created by: katelees
  • Created on: 24-01-17 09:30
Homolytic Fission
Where a covalent bond breaks and each electron goes to a different bonded atom.
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Heterolytic Fission
Where a covalent bond breaks and both electrons go to one of the bonded atom.
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Homolytic Fission:example
X-Y-->X. + Y.
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Heterolytic Fission: example
X-Y-->X+ + Y-
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Radical Substitution
Alkanes reacting with halogens in the presence of UV light to form halogenated organic compounds.
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Electrophillic Addition
Electrophilic addition reaction is an addition reaction where, in a chemical compound, a π bond is broken and two new σ bonds are formed.
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Addition polymerisation
Addition polymerisation small unsaturated monomers carbon to carbon double bonds) join up by the opening of the doublebond allowing them to join up to form a long carbon chain.
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Esterfication of alcohols
Chemical reaction used to make an ester.
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Nucleophillic substitution
Chemical reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is exchanged for a nucleophile.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Heterolytic Fission

Back

Where a covalent bond breaks and both electrons go to one of the bonded atom.

Card 3

Front

Homolytic Fission:example

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Heterolytic Fission: example

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Radical Substitution

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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