Reaching a guilty verdict - studies

1. What did Penrod and Cutler find?

  • 100% confidence - 67% guilty verdicts. 80% confidence - 60% guilty verdicts.
  • Attractive defendant - 56% guilty verdicts. Attractive victim - 77% guilty verdicts.
  • Child testified in front of the defendant - 51% guilty verdicts. Child testidfied behind a shield - 46% guilty verdicts. Child testified via video - 49% guilty verdicts.
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2. Who researched the stages of decision making?

  • Asch
  • Hastie
  • Moscovici

3. What did Hastie find?

  • 75% conformed once, 5% conformed everytime, 25% didn't conform at all.
  • Three stages of decision making: 1) Orientation 2) Open Conflict 3) Reconciliation
  • In the consist group, 8.4% conformed and in the inconsistent group, 1.25% conformed. In the control 0.25% conformed.

4. What did Pickel find?

  • Higher percentage of guilty verdits were given when the WIC was good, descriptive EWT and 100% confidence of the witness was given.
  • No evidence introduced - 42% guilty verdicts, legal explanation given - 55% guilty verdicts and no legal explanation given - 43% guilty verdicts.
  • Story order gained 69% guilty verdicts. Witness order gained 47% guilty verdicts.

5. Who researched persuasion?

  • Cutler
  • Pennington and Hastie
  • Pickel

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