RE Ethics: Conflict

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Who created the 6 Just War Principals?
St. Thomas Aquinas
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Name some of the Just War principles
War must be a last resort, War must be a response to a serious threat, must have a reasonable chance of success, weapons must be used proportionately, legitimate authority must authorise it and the ultimate aim of war should be peace.
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Explain the quote to support war 'Beat the cutting blades of your ploughs into swords and your pruning hooks into spears'
People should use whatever they have available and turn it into a weapon to fight with
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Explain the quote to support war 'An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth'
If someone does something to you, you are allowed to get revenge and fight back.
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Explain the quote against war 'Thou shall not kill'
Killing is wrong under any circumstances because all life is sacred and should be protected.
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Explain the quote against war 'Blessed are the peacemakers for they will be called children of God'
God is pleased with those who make peace. We should therefore find peaceful ways of resolving conflict e.g talking and negotiation.
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Explain why Martin Luther King's methods are against war
He used peaceful methods to try and achieve equality for black people in America. For example, peaceful protests, speeches and bus boycotts.
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What does Pacifism mean?
The idea of being against War
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What does nuclear proliferation mean?
The number of countries in the world with nuclear weapons is increasing
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Why do some people agree with nuclear weapons?
As they are used as a deterrent, the more countries have nuclear weapons, the more countries will be put off from using them in fear of retalliation.
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Why do some people disagree with nuclear weapons?
Some people disagree and believe that all countries should give them up, this is known as disarment.
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What is terrorism?
When people use violence or threat to achieve their own aims, e.g attack on the Twin Towers
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Name some causes of Crime
Lack of education, poverty, upbringing, boredom
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Name some effects of crime
Fear, loss of life, loss of property/ money
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Explain why Prison is a good and bad form of punishment
It protects society as it prevents the criminal from committing another crime. However, a majority of prisoners reoffend after they have been released
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Explain why community service is a good and bad form of punishment
Requires the criminal to repay society for what they have done. However it can be seen as a soft option and not a good deterrent.
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Explain why a fine is a good and bad form of punishment
The money can be used to help society but it is not a problem for the rich.
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Explain why a suspended sentence is a good form of punishment
It gives the first time offender a second chance. However, it does not protect society
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Explain the quote on punishment 'let he who has not sinned throw the first stone'
We shouldn't judge others as everyone has sinned. Instead we should be prepared to show forgiveness.
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Explain the quote on punishment 'God disciplines the ones he love'
God wants us to be punished so we can learn from our mistakes and become better people.
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Explain the quote on Capital Punishment 'Thou shall not kill'
Killing is wrong because life is sacred. God has not given humans the right to decide when life should end. It is one of the 10 commandments.
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Explain the quote on punishment 'Eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth'
It is okay to get revenge. We can therefore get revenge on the criminal and make them pay for the crime they committed.
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Give some examples of quotes that support forgiveness
'Father forgive them for they know not what they do' 'Your heavenly father will forgive you if you forgive those who sin against you; but if you refuse them, He will not forgive you'
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Give a real life example of strong forgiveness
ANTHONY WALKER- he was an 18 year old boy killed in a racist attack. His mother, Gee Walker, a Christian chose to forgive her son's killers
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RE Ethics: Conflict Revision Cards
RE Ethics: Conflict Revision Cards
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Explain the concept of Retribution and give a quote to support this.
Getting revenge on the criminal. 'An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth'. The death penalty is a good example as if someone kills someone their life is taken too. Prison also is the same as it takes their freedom away
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Explain the concept of Protection and give a quote to support this
Protects society from the criminal committing another crime- Prison and death penalty. 'Love your neighbour as yourself' as it is compassionate to protect innocent people.
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Explain the concept of Reformation and give a quote to support this
Changing the criminal's behaviour so they don't commit the crime again- Rehabilitation. 'God disciplines the ones he loves'
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Explain the concept of Deterrence
If you know you are going to get punished it will put you off committing the crime in the first place or again.
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Explain why 'An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth' is a quote FOR the death penalty
If someone has killed someone, they deserve to be killed themselves. This relates to revenge and retribution.
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Explain why 'Love your neighbour as yourself' is a quote FOR the death penalty
It is compassionate to the relatives of the victim as they feel a sense of justice. Joanna Yates' parents wanted the death penalty for their daughter's killer
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Explain why 'Thou shall not kill' is AGAINST the death penalty
We should not kill under any circumstances, humans do not have the right to take life away, only God does.
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Explain why 'God disciplines the ones he loves' is AGAINST the death penalty
The death penalty does not give the criminal a chance to reform and change their behaviour. It does not give them a second chance
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name some of the Just War principles

Back

War must be a last resort, War must be a response to a serious threat, must have a reasonable chance of success, weapons must be used proportionately, legitimate authority must authorise it and the ultimate aim of war should be peace.

Card 3

Front

Explain the quote to support war 'Beat the cutting blades of your ploughs into swords and your pruning hooks into spears'

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Explain the quote to support war 'An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth'

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain the quote against war 'Thou shall not kill'

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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