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What's the definition of crime?
An action which breaks the law
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What is law and order?
A justice system which supports good behaviour in society by punishing the bad
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What is a duty?
A moral or legal obligation
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What is a responsibility?
A duty to care for or having control over something or someone
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What is a conscience?
A sense of right or wrong
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What is the definition of crime against the person?
Wrongdoing that directly harms a person eg-murder
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What is the definition of crime against property?
Damaging items that belong to someone else eg-vandalism
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What is the definition of crime against the state?
An offence aimed at damaging the government or a country eg-treason
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What is the definition of crime against religion/religious offence?
An offence against religious rules eg-blasphemy
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What is a punishment?
Something done to a person because they have broken a law
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What is meant by protection?
Keeping the public from being harmed, threatened or injured by criminals
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What is meant by retribution?
To get revenge
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What is a deterrence?
Something that puts people off committing crimes
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What is meant by reformation?
Something that changes someone's behaviour for the better
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What is meant by vindication?
When offenders are punished to show that the law must be respected
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What is reparation?
When the offender makes up for their crime by putting something back eg-community service
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What is forgiveness?
Showing grace or mercy
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What is repentance?
Being truly sorry and changing your behaviour
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What is a young offender?
A person under 18 who breaks the law
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What is prison reform?
A movement to treat prisoners humanely in prison
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What is the capital punishment?
The death penalty
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What is tagging?
An offender wears an electronic device to track and restrict their movements
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What is probation?
An offender has to meet a probation officer regularly instead of going to prison
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What is parole?
A prisoner is released early and monitored
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What is community service?
An offender has to work 60-240 hours serving the community
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What are the two kinds of law in the UK?
Bye-laws= made by council lord and apply to the local area eg-park restrictions, dog fouling, litter. Parliamentary laws= made by the government and apply to all
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What are bye-laws and parliamentary laws further divided into?
Non-indictable offences=less serious (don't go to prison) eg- speeding. Indictable offences= more serious and are death with by a judge and jury eg-****.
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What are the causes of crime?
Environmental reasons-poverty and deprivation in some areas which could cause people to commit crimes. Psychological reasons- mental illnesses. Drug addiction-commit crimes to find habits. Social reasons-peer pressure, lack of education, fit in.
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What do religious people believe?
Correct living means self-discipline and putting others first. Fulfilling your duties and responsibilities leads to spiritual rewards in the afterlife.
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What do Christians believe?
Christians believe a "man reaps what he sows" and so criminals need to be punished. However, they also need to be forgiven. They don't believe in retribution but do support the other aims of punishment.
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What do Muslims believe?
Muslims believe in the importance of law and order and Shari'ah law. They also believe that punishments should deter people from breaking the law, often done by public humiliation (flogging). Muslims hope offenders will repent, reform and seek forgi
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What are the religious beliefs about prison?
All religious accept the need for prison, as it's seen as a necessary to deprive offenders of their freedom which prevents them from continuing a life of crime.
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What is life imprisonment?
The most severe punishment that is given in the uk, doesn't actually mean life in prison but criminals serve about 15 years imprisonment.
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What are the advantages and disadvantages of community service?
Advantages- cheaper than prison, allows the offender to keep their job which is a greater success in reforming prisoners. Disadvantage-it's a softer option, criminals can still break the law whilst doing CS
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What are the advantages and disadvantages of electronic tagging?
Advantages- it's cheaper than prison, only 2% of offenders have committed more crimes whilst tagged. Disadvantages- tags are sourced out to private companies (system has been abused= taking tags off or not being properly monitored)
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What are the advantages and disadvantages of probation?
Advantages- offenders can keep their job which helps families gain support and reform. Disadvantages- offenders can re-offend and they aren't removed from society.
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What are the arguments against capital punishment?
It doesn't allow the offender to reform, only god has the right to end lives, it's uncivilised (two wrongs don't make a right) it's hypocritical to kill a murderer
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What are the arguments for capital punishment?
Terrorists and murderers deserve to die 'a life for a life' (retribution), it can deter people from doing horrendous crimes, it protects the public by permanently removing criminals from society, prison is expensive, it provides justice.
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What are the Christian attitudes to capital punishment?
Some Christians support capital punishment due to the teaching from genesis 'whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall hid blood be shed' other Christians believe that love should be shown to all people 'love thy neighbour'
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What are the Muslim attitudes to capital punishments?
All Muslims agree with the death penalty 'if anyone is killed unjustly, we have granted the right of retribution to his heir'
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is law and order?

Back

A justice system which supports good behaviour in society by punishing the bad

Card 3

Front

What is a duty?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a responsibility?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a conscience?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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