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When was the Magna Carta signed?
1215
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What does the Magna Carta allow?
It gives people the right to speak freely in parliament
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When was the 'abolition of slavery act' passed?
1833
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What did the 'abolition of slavery act' do?
Allowed all slaves in the British Empire freedom
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When did the 'human rights act' become law?
2000
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What is scrapegoating?
When people blame a certain group of people for problems in society
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What is the Dalai Lama?
A highly respected buddhist leader/teacher
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What path do the buddhists follow?
8 Fold Path
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What do buddhists believe in which means we should show loving kindness to others?
compassion
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What is arson?
Setting things deliberately on fire
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What is the jury?
12 people who decide whether a person is guilty or not
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What is perjury?
Lying in court
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Why could mental illness of someone cause crime?
Personality disorders like schizophrenia and anger management may lead to violent crimes e.g murder
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Why would poverty make someone commit a crime?
If they cannot afford the basic needs in life it may lead to robbery
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Why would greed make someone commit a crime?
Some people get jealous over things they cannot afford but others have. This might lead to robbery of the goods that they want.
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Why would addiction make someone commit a crime?
Addiction to gambling, drugs and alcohol could lead to robbery so people can fund their habits.
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Why would opposition to laws make someone commit a crime?
Some people might want to show their beliefs to others which could lead to vandalism
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Why would a persons upbringing cause them to commit a crime?
If a person's parents have committed a crime they might be encouraged to do it and drift into a life of crime
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What is kleptomania?
A compulsive disorder which makes some people steal
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What does exploitation mean?
Misuse of power or money to get others to do things for little or no money
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What is social justice?
Promoting a just society by challenging injustice and valuing diversity
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Why do buddhists believe that reforming a criminal is better than a punishment?
Punishing an offender is damaging to both the criminal and the person administering the punishment. Buddhists are taught to show compassion and forgiveness to others
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How can prisons be 'schools for crime'?
Criminals pass on advice to others about, for example, how to steal better.
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Give a quote from the bible (Hebrews 13:3) about criminals and prisons
Remember those who are in prison, as though in prison with them
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Give the quote from Romans 6:23a about sin
The wages of sin is death
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Give the titles of the 6 realms
animals, humans, devas, pretas, asuras and hell
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What is corporal punishment?
A punishment where the person will be forced to undergo some sort of physical pain, but will not be killed
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Give the quote from Gensis 9:6 about murder
Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed
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What is the sanctity of life belief?
That all life is holy and sacred
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What is the buddhist's first precept?
abstain from injuring or killing any living creature
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What is ethics?
The study of right and wrong
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What is hedonism?
pleasure is the most important thing
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What is absolute morality?
the idea of certain things being always wrong
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What is relative morality?
The idea that right and wrong are a matter of opinion and vary with the circumstances
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What is egalitarianism?
The idea that everybody is equal
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What does verifiable mean?
That which can be proven to be true
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What is metaphysics?
The study of the (supernatural) nature of God and the universe
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What is Utilitarianism?
The greatest happiness for the greatest number of people and the avoidance of the most pain for the greatest number of people
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Give the years of Jeremy Bentham's life?
1748-1832
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Give a quote from Jeremy Bentham about punishment
All punishment is mischief; all punishment in itself is evil
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What was the name of the admirer of Jeremy Bentham (1806-1873)?
John Stuart Mill
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Give a quote from John Stuart Mill about satisfaction
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied
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What is a pacifist?
People who are completely against war even when defending
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The Just War theory is a christian philosophy that attempts to reconcile what three things?
Taking human life is seriously wrong, people have a duty to defend their citizens and defend justice and protecting innocent human life and defending important moral values sometimes requires willingness to use force and violence
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What is the Just War theory?
A christian idea that tries to explain a war is acceptable
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What is a just war?
A war that is fair or reasonable
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What is retaliation?
Reacting to something or getting revenge on someone
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Who developed the christian doctrine of just war?
St Thomas of Aquinas
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Who developed the christian doctrine of just war?
St Thomas of Aquinas
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What is the just war criteria?
Just cause
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What is the just war criteria?
Just cause, declared by lawful authority, right intention, last resort, reasonable chance of success, innocents should not be harmed and appropriate force should be used
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What is the Jus ad Bellum criteria?
Criteria to be placed before war is prosecuted (just cause, last resort, right intention etc)
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What is the Jus in Bello criteria?
Criteria for moral conduct of the war once started (innocents should not be harmed and appropriate force should be used)
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What are non-combatents?
People who are not fighting in a war
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What are trade sanctions?
Refusing to trade with a country
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What is a boycott?
Refusing to have any association with a country
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What was the name of the society that Ignatius Loyola founded?
The society of Jesus (Jesuits)
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What is peace?
An absence of conflict which leads to happiness and harmony
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What is justice?
Bringing about what is right and fair according to the law or making up for what has been done wrong
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Give the quote about peace by Martin Luther King
Without justice there can be no peace
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What is a contingent pacifist?
believes all violence is wrong but there are some exceptions
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Give the quote about God 1st John 4:!6
God is love
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What is sacriledge?
Violating something that is sacred
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Who are refugees?
People who flee from their homes seeking safety elsewhere
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What is the red cross?
A humanitarian agency that helps people suffering from war or other disasters (the red crescent is the muslim equivalent)
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What does the red cross/crescent do?
Protects and ensures respect for human life, prevents and alleviate suffering and no discrimination of race, class, nationality, religion or political opinions
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How many years have Open Doors been operating for?
60 years
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What does Open Doors do?
Provides food and aid to christians, gives spiritual support and emotional support
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

It gives people the right to speak freely in parliament

Back

What does the Magna Carta allow?

Card 3

Front

1833

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Allowed all slaves in the British Empire freedom

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

2000

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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